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Allium canadense

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Allium canadense (meadow garlic)
  • Allium canadense (meadow garlic)
  • Allium canadense (meadow garlic)
  • Allium canadense (meadow garlic)
  • Allium canadense (meadow garlic)

Allium canadense

Also known as:

meadow garlic

,

wild garlic

,

wild onion

,

tree onion

,

Canadian garlic

Plant types and subtypes:
Perennials, Bulbs

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: neutral, rich, average, sand, gravel/rock

Height: 8"-12"

Bloom Time: April, May, June, July

Bloom Color: white, pink

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Native Range: AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV

Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts butterflies, clumping, deer resistant, drought tolerant, edible, fragrant plant, fragrant root, medicinal, naturalizing, rock garden plant, showy fruit

Description

Allium canadense is part of the onion genus. The bulb is edible, with a typical onion flavor, but unlike commercial varieties has a thick, fibrous skin. Foliage is grass-like, exudes an onionny fragrance, and appears from the base. Dome-like clusters of whitish, pinkish star-like flowers appear atop 12" stems. On some plants, these will give way to showy fruit, known as bulbets.

Cultivation

This is a hardy, easy to grow plant. It is drought tolerant, though it does best in moist, but very well-drained soils. Persistently wet conditions will lead to root rot. It can be used effectively in the front of perennial flower borders, where its low growth and thin foliage will not obscure background plants. also a good choice for sunny rock gardens. Can bloom as early as April and as late as July. Zones 3-9

Propagation

Propagate by division when dormant. The seed-like bulbets can be collected, but cannot be stored and must be planted as soon as they ripen.

Additional Notes

This edible plant has also been used medicinally to treat insect stings, control coughs and vomiting, sooth eye and ear infections. Is believed to be a good insect repellent, that is if you don't mind smelling like onion.

Allium canadense

Also known as:

meadow garlic

,

wild garlic

,

wild onion

,

tree onion

,

Canadian garlic

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: NH
  • Special Concern: ME
  • Threatened: VT

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae Lily family
Genus Allium onion
Species Allium canadense meadow garlic

Allium canadense

Also known as:

meadow garlic

,

wild garlic

,

wild onion

,

tree onion

,

Canadian garlic