Plant types and subtypes:
Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Subshrubs, Deciduous
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade, shade
Water Use: low, medium
Soil Moisture: dry, moist
Soil Description: acid, average, poor, loam, clay, sand, gravel/rock
Bloom Time: May, June, July
Bloom Color: white, red, pink
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Native Range: AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
Additional Tags: attracts birds, berries, colonizing, edible, fall interest, rock garden plant, shade garden plant, showy fruit, woodland garden plant
Black huckleberry is a deciduous, upright, branching shrub with small, oval, green leaves that turn crimson red in fall. The pink to reddish, bell-shaped flowers appear in late spring to summer and are followed by blue to black berries. These are sweet, but very seedy. While similar to blueberries, black huckleberries can be distinguished by resin dots on the undersides of the leaves.
Gaylussacia baccata thrives in dry, nutrient-poor, acidic soil. While it will produce more fruit in a sunny location, it is tolerant of all but the deepest shade. Blooms from May to July. Produces fruit from July to September. Zones 3-7
Best propagated from semi-hardwood cuttings in late summer, layering or division of mature plants in spring. Macerate the fruit in water to separate the the seeds from the pulp. Plant fresh seeds outside in fall. Stored seeds will require cold stratification before sowing.
Black huckleberries are a true delicacy. They may be consumed raw, baked in pies, dried, or made into preserves.
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Threatened: IA
|Species||Gaylussacia baccata||black huckleberry|