Gaylussacia baccata

black huckleberry add to wishlist

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Fall foliage of Gaylussacia baccata (black huckkleberry)
  • Fall foliage of Gaylussacia baccata (black huckkleberry)
  • Berries of Gaylussacia baccata (black huckkleberry)
  • Flowers of Gaylussacia baccata (black huckkleberry)
  • Flowers of Gaylussacia baccata (black huckkleberry)

Gaylussacia baccata

black huckleberry,

Plant types and subtypes:
Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Subshrubs, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade, shade

Water Use: low, medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: acid, average, poor, loam, clay, sand, gravel/rock

Height: 1'-3'

Bloom Time: May, June, July

Bloom Color: white, red, pink

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Native Range: AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

Additional Tags: attracts birds, berries, colonizing, edible, fall interest, rock garden plant, shade garden plant, showy fruit, woodland garden plant

Gaylussacia baccata

black huckleberry,

Description

Black huckleberry is a deciduous, upright, branching shrub with small, oval, green leaves that turn crimson red in fall. The pink to reddish, bell-shaped flowers appear in late spring to summer and are followed by blue to black berries. These are sweet, but very seedy. While similar to blueberries, black huckleberries can be distinguished by resin dots on the undersides of the leaves.

Cultivation

Gaylussacia baccata thrives in dry, nutrient-poor, acidic soil. While it will produce more fruit in a sunny location, it is tolerant of all but the deepest shade. Blooms from May to July. Produces fruit from July to September. Zones 3-7

Propagation

Best propagated from semi-hardwood cuttings in late summer, layering or division of mature plants in spring. Macerate the fruit in water to separate the the seeds from the pulp. Plant fresh seeds outside in fall. Stored seeds will require cold stratification before sowing.

Additional Notes

Black huckleberries are a true delicacy. They may be consumed raw, baked in pies, dried, or made into preserves.

Gaylussacia baccata

black huckleberry

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Threatened: IA

Gaylussacia baccata

black huckleberry

Scientific Synonyms

Decachaena baccata

Common Synonyms

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Ericales
Family Ericaceae Heath family
Genus Gaylussacia huckleberry
Species Gaylussacia baccata black huckleberry

Gaylussacia baccata

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Some plants might not be available to you due to quarantine restrictions, or nursery limitations.

To make it easier for you to buy locally, we will sort the available nurseries based on their distance to your garden.