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Spartina patens

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Spartina patens

Spartina patens

Also known as:

salt meadow hay

,

saltmeadow cordgrass

,

marshhay cordgrass

Plant types and subtypes:
Grasses, Wetland Grasses

Light Requirements: sun

Water Use: high

Soil Moisture: wet

Soil Description: acid, rich, average, loam, clay, sand

Height: 2'-3'

Bloom Time: April, May, June

Bloom Color: yellow

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Native Range: AL, CT, DE, FL, GA, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TX, VA

Additional Tags: attracts birds, colonizing, fall interest, mat-forming, naturalizing, ornamental foliage, salt tolerant, salt-spray tolerant, swamp plant, wetland plant

Description

Spartina patens is a slender, salt water marsh grass. Though individual plants grow to a height of 3', they are usually blown over due to their weak structure. In a naturalized setting, this will give the appearance of a sea of grass with crests and troughs, or a field of grassy cowlicks.

Cultivation

This species of cordgrass requires a salt water or brackish environment to thrive. There are some inland, fresh water populations but these are very rare. Spartina patens is an essential grass for healthy, eastern tidal wetlands. Along with filtering polluted runoff and protecting shorelines against erosion, it is a source of fodder for grazing animals, food and shelter for birds, and a safe haven for young fish, shellfish and crustaceans. Zones 4-10

Propagation

Salt meadow hay spreads by mat-forming rhizomes that can easily be divided. Easily propagated from seed.

Additional Notes

Spartina patens is an important species to the ecology of the coastal areas of the eastern US, it is however considered an invasive species in other areas of the world where it has been introduced. This includes the States of California, Washington, and Oregon where it is classified as a noxious, invasive weed and has become a threat to local ecosystems. This species should not be planted outside its native range. For additional weed information, please consult the USDA website.

Spartina patens

Also known as:

salt meadow hay

,

saltmeadow cordgrass

,

marshhay cordgrass

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, CT, DE, FL, GA, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TX, VA

USDA Endangered Status:

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Cyperales
Family Poaceae Grass family
Genus Spartina cordgrass
Species Spartina patens salt meadow hay

Spartina patens

Also known as:

salt meadow hay

,

saltmeadow cordgrass

,

marshhay cordgrass