Plant types and subtypes: Perennials
Light Requirements: part-shade, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: dry, moist
Soil Description: acid, rich, loam, clay
Bloom Time: May, June
Bloom Color: white
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: attracts birds, berries, clumping, deer resistant, fragrant flowers, ornamental foliage, poisonous, shade garden plant, showy fruit, woodland plant
Pricing & Availability
Actaea rubraAlso known as:
Native to woodlands, red baneberry produces fragrant, white terminal flower clusters, atop stems up to 3' tall, above compound, deeply serrated, attractive leaves. The flowers give way to clusters of red, pea-size berries. It is similar in most ways to the more common white baneberry (Actaea pachypoda).
Actaea rubra is best grown in a well shaded spot with filtered light. It thrives in well drained, but moist, soil rich in organic material. Care should be taken not to let the roots dry out during hot summers, although overly wet conditions will also produce a decline in foliage. It is not an aggressive colonizer, and seeds are slow to germinate. Bloom period lasts about 3 weeks in late spring to early summer. Zones 3-8
Propagate by root division in early spring, or fall. Seeds are slow to germinate, and will take an additional 2 to 3 years to produce flowers.
All parts of the plant should be considered poisonous if ingested. The berries are particularly toxic to humans, but are a food source for many species of birds and small mammals. The plant's toxicity makes it fairly resistant to browsing mammals, including deer.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, MA, ME, MI, MN, MT, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, SD, UT, VT, WA, WI, WY
USDA Endangered Status:
- Rare: IN
- Special Concern: RI
- Threatened: OH
|Species||Actaea rubra||red baneberry|