Actaea rubra

red baneberry add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: acid, rich, loam, clay

Height: 1'-3'

Bloom Time: May, June

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts birds, berries, clumping, deer resistant, fragrant flowers, ornamental foliage, poisonous, shade garden plant, showy fruit, woodland plant

Actaea rubra (red baneberry)
  • Actaea rubra (red baneberry)
  • Actaea rubra (red baneberry)
  • Actaea rubra (red baneberry)
  • Actaea rubra (red baneberry)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Actaea rubra

Also known as:

red baneberry

,

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Native to woodlands, red baneberry produces fragrant, white terminal flower clusters, atop stems up to 3' tall, above compound, deeply serrated, attractive leaves. The flowers give way to clusters of red, pea-size berries. It is similar in most ways to the more common white baneberry (Actaea pachypoda).

Cultivation

Actaea rubra is best grown in a well shaded spot with filtered light. It thrives in well drained, but moist, soil rich in organic material. Care should be taken not to let the roots dry out during hot summers, although overly wet conditions will also produce a decline in foliage. It is not an aggressive colonizer, and seeds are slow to germinate. Bloom period lasts about 3 weeks in late spring to early summer. Zones 3-8

Propagation

Propagate by root division in early spring, or fall. Seeds are slow to germinate, and will take an additional 2 to 3 years to produce flowers.

Additional Notes

All parts of the plant should be considered poisonous if ingested. The berries are particularly toxic to humans, but are a food source for many species of birds and small mammals. The plant's toxicity makes it fairly resistant to browsing mammals, including deer.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, MA, ME, MI, MN, MT, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, SD, UT, VT, WA, WI, WY

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Rare: IN
  • Special Concern: RI
  • Threatened: OH

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Ranunculaceae Buttercup family
Genus Actaea baneberry
Species Actaea rubra red baneberry