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Aesculus parviflora

bottlebrush buckeye add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Deciduous

Light Requirements: part-sun, part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, rich, average, loam, sand

Height: 6'-12'

Bloom Time: June, July

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts butterflies, attracts hummingbirds, deer resistant, fall interest, ornamental foliage, poisonous

Aesculus parviflora (bottlebrush buckeye)
  • Aesculus parviflora (bottlebrush buckeye)
  • Aesculus parviflora (bottlebrush buckeye)
  • Flower of Aesculus parviflora (bottlebrush buckeye)
  • Aesculus parviflora (bottlebrush buckeye)

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Aesculus parviflora

Also known as:

bottlebrush buckeye


Scientific Synonyms:


Aesculus parviflora is an exceptional shrub with a dense, mounded growing habit. Typically broader than it is tall, it can reach a mature height in excess of 10'. It is spectacular in bloom, when it produces an abundance of large, white, 12" long feathery spikes. The leaves are large, palmately compound with 5 to 7 leaflets, deep-green turning to vivid shades of yellow in fall. The lower branches cascade down to the ground, providing a seamless transition with any surrounding plantings or lawn.


Native to a limit range of woodlands in Georgia and Alabama, bottlebrush buckeye has been introduced as far north as Pennsylvania where it performs remarkably well. It is highly adaptable, can be grown in full sun, and is also among the showiest flowering shrubs for shade. It does not tolerate extended dry conditions, and prefers moist, well-drained soil that is slightly acidic and rich in organic material. This a broad multi-stemmed shrub with suckering tendencies, so it should be planted a spot where it will have room to expand. An excellent choice for foundation plantings, woodland margins, or growing under the canopy of shade trees. Zones 5-8


The easiest propagation method is by root cuttings, although softwood cuttings can be successfully performed. Seed set is unreliable in colder areas, due to the shortened growing season. If seeds are collected, they should be sown fresh, as soon as ripe, and not be allowed to dry out.

Additional Notes

Aesculus parviflora is an exceptionally attractive shrub for landscaping purposes. Its flowers are also extremely attractive to pollinators, including hummingbirds and butterflies. The seeds are poisonous, and should not be ingested.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:


Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Sapindales
Family Hippocastanaceae Horse-chestnut family
Genus Aesculus buckeye
Species Aesculus parviflora bottlebrush buckeye