Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Shrub-like Trees, Deciduous
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun
Water Use: high
Soil Moisture: moist, wet
Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, average, poor, loam, sand
Bloom Time: March, April
Bloom Color: red, green, brown
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: attracts birds, bog plant, clumping, colonizing, fall interest, naturalizing, pond margin plant, showy fruit, stream margin plant, swamp plant, wetland plant
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Alnus serrulataAlso known as:
Alnus serrulata is a suckering medium-sized deciduous shrub. It typically forms dense 12' height thickets, but can be trimmed up to form small trees of 20' or more. Flowers are in the form of showy catkins that emerge before the leaves. It produces showy, cone-like fruit that persist well into winter. Foliage turns yellow to orange in fall.
Hazel alder is a moisture loving shrub, often used as a wetland restoration species. It does well with wet feet, and regular inundation in up to 3" of water. Can be grown in drier yet moist conditions, but will need to be placed under filtered light, protected from direct sun. Individual plants are short lived, but form self-regenerating colonies by means of root suckers. Blooms in early spring; March, April. Zones 4-8
Propagate from seed, or by cuttings.
The roots have the ability to fix nitrogen, making it a good plant to rehabilitated depleted soils. It provides valuable food and shelter to a host of wetland birds and small mammals.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WV
|Species||Alnus serrulata||hazel alder|