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Amelanchier laevis

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Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Trees, Shrub-like Trees, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: acid, rich, average, loam

Height: 15'-25'

Bloom Time: April

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Additional Tags: attracts birds, berries, edible, fall interest, fragrant flowers, showy fruit, stream margin plant

 Amelanchier laevis in bloom (Allegheny serviceberry)
  •  Amelanchier laevis in bloom (Allegheny serviceberry)
  • Flowers of Amelanchier laevis (Allegheny serviceberry)
  • Fall foliage of Amelanchier laevis (Allegheny serviceberry)
  • Berries of Amelanchier laevis (Allegheny serviceberry)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Amelanchier laevis

Also known as:

Allegheny serviceberry

,

serviceberry

,

smooth shadbush

,

smooth serviceberry

Scientific Synonyms:

Amelanchier arborea var. laevis

Description

Amelanchier laevis is a deciduous shrub or small tree, of great ornamental value. It is multi-trunked that typically reaches a mature height between 15' to 25'. In early spring it produces an exceptional floral display. Showy clusters of five-petaled, mildly fragrant white flowers, transform the bare shrub into a sight equaled by few others. The leaves are finely toothed and emerge toward the end of the blooming period. They are initially tinged with pink, red and purple hues, turning to a deep green as they unfurl and mature. During summer, the flowers give way to a profusion of showy, red to purple, edible berry-like fruit known as pomes (the same as apples). Fall brings on a fiery display of yellow, orange and red foliage.

Cultivation

Allegheny serviceberry is an understory shrub, tolerant of light conditions ranging from full sun to part-shade. It is easy to grow in a variety of soils, but does best in rich, moist, well-drained loams. It will resist drier conditions, but should not be considered drought tolerant. It can be trimmed up into more of a tree form for use in residential lawns and gardens, or left to grow in a natural form, planted in groups to create tall, informal hedges for large open areas. It can be subject to leaf diseases that typically affect fruit trees. Though unsightly, this does not seem to inflict permanent damage. Proper soil drainage and good air circulation will greatly minimize these risks. Blooms a short lived and occur in April or May. Zones 3-7

Propagation

Propagate from hardwood cuttings taken in spring, or softwood cuttings taken in summer. Propagate from freshly collected seeds, that have been stripped of any pulp, in fall. Seeds can be stored, but must first be stripped of any pulp through maceration, washed and dried. These will require up to 4 months of cold-moist stratification before sowing.

Additional Notes

The fruit are of high nutritional value for wildlife and humans alike. They are juicy and sweet, and can be eaten raw, cooked, or dried. They can be baked into pies and muffins, or made into preserves, jams or jellies.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rosales
Family Rosaceae Rose family
Genus Amelanchier serviceberry
Species Amelanchier laevis Allegheny serviceberry