Anemone quinquefolia

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Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ephemerals

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, rich, loam, clay

Height: 4"-8"

Bloom Time: April, May

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: colonizing, deer resistant, ephemeral, naturalizing, poisonous, shade garden plant, woodland plant

Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone)
  • Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone)
  • Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone)
  • Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone)
  • Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone)

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Description

Anemone quinquefolia

Also known as:

wood anemone

,

nightcaps

,

windflowers

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Anemone quinquefolia is a charming woodland, spring ephemeral. A low growing plant that rarely exceeds a height of 8". Each white to pinkish flower emerges atop a solitary stem, and is comprised of 5 petal-like sepals. The basal foliage is deeply lobed,to the extent that each leaf looks like it is comprised of 5 leaflets. These are also deeply cleft, so that the plant's appearance is delicate and intricate.

Cultivation

Native to open, deciduous woodlands and forest margins, it prefers and environment that is consistently moist during its growing season. It spreads mainly by horizontal rhizomes and, given enough time, will spread to form and attractive spring ground cover until the leaves die back and the plants go dormant in early summer. Because the flowers are made of sepals rather than petals, they are long lasting. The blooming period occurs mid-spring, and lasts about a month. Zones 3-8

Propagation

Seeds will require periods of cold moist stratification, and are best sown in fall. Plants propagate by seed will take up to 4 years to produce flowers. Easy to propagate by root division, or cuttings, in fall or early spring.

Additional Notes

Anemone quinquefolia is an exquisite spring ephemeral that combines beautifully with trilliums and trout lilies. All parts of the plant should be considered poisonous if ingested in large quantities. Deer tend to shy away from them.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Ranunculaceae Buttercup family
Genus Anemone anemone
Species Anemone quinquefolia wood anemone