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Aquilegia canadensis

American columbine add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials

Light Requirements: part-sun, part-shade

Water Use: low, medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: neutral, alkaline, average, loam, sand

Height: 2'-3'

Bloom Time: March, April, May, June, July

Bloom Color: yellow, orange, red

Leaf Color: green, blue-green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts birds, attracts butterflies, attracts hummingbirds, colonizing, cottage garden plant, naturalizing, ornamental foliage

Flowers of Aquilegia canadensis (American columbine).
  • Flowers of Aquilegia canadensis (American columbine).
  • Flowers of Aquilegia canadensis (American columbine).
  • Flowers of Aquilegia canadensis (American columbine).
  • Foliage of Aquilegia canadensis (American columbine).

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Description

Aquilegia canadensis

Also known as:

American columbine

,

eastern red columbine

,

red columbine

,

wild columbine

,

wild red columbine

Scientific Synonyms:

Aquilegia australis, Aquilegia coccinea, Aquilegia latiuscula, Aquilegia phoenicantha

Description

A gardening classic, the columbine has a delicate yet alien appearance due to its rear facing spurs and forward facing stamens. This particular species' flowers bear a combination of reddish and yellowish colors. The foliage is blue-green and very attractive as well.

Cultivation

Aquilegia canadensis will tolerate a wide range of light and soil conditions so long as it remains well drained. More shade is recommended in the hotter areas, and more sun in the cooler ones. Foliage may turn brown if the plant is allowed to dry out, but may be cut back to encourage fresh growth. Due to its extensive natural range, it may bloom as early as February in the south and as late as July in the north. The blooming period lasts about one month. Zones 3-8

Propagation

This plant is very easy to propagate from seed. It will also self seed freely and naturalize under ideal conditions. Columbines prefer to be left undisturbed but may be divided carefully in spring.

Additional Notes

Any columbine will hybridize readily when in proximity of a different columbine species. If a pure strain is desired, it is best to keep different species as far apart as possible, or even not mix them at all.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: FL

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Ranunculaceae Buttercup family
Genus Aquilegia columbine
Species Aquilegia canadensis American columbine