Plant types and subtypes: Perennials
Light Requirements: part-sun, part-shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: moist
Soil Description: rich, average, loam, sand, gravel/rock
Bloom Time: May, June
Bloom Color: white, green, brown
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: attracts birds, berries, colonizing, edible, fragrant root, naturalizing, shade garden plant, showy fruit, woodland plant
Pricing & Availability
Aralia nudicaulisAlso known as:
Aralia nudicaulis is a woodland perennial wildflower that typically grows to a height of 24". Each plant produces a single leaf stalk that is divided into 3 compound leaves, each one of which is comprised of 7 ovate, finely serrated leaflets that are up to 2" across and 5" long. Each plant also produces a single flowering stalk below the leaves. It is erect, typically branched, and bears 3 conspicuous, terminal, round umbels of whitish flowers that are up to 2" in diameter. These give way to equally conspicuous purplish, to black, berries.
Wild sarsaparilla is easy to grow in areas with filtered light. It prefers moist soil rich in organic material, but can withstand dry spells as well as periods of inundation. Under ideal conditions it will spread vegetatively by means of horizontal rhizomes to form large colonies. The bloom period lasts under a month and can occur from mid spring to early summer. Zones 4-8
Easy to propagate by dividing the rootsock when plants are dormant. Wild sarsaparilla can be grown from seed, although the seedlings are slow to mature.
Wild Sarsaparilla has been used as a substitute for genuine Sarsaparilla to flavor root beer. Wild Sarsaparilla is related to Panax quinquefolius (American Ginseng) which can be easily differentiated by its red berries.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
CO, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY
|Species||Aralia nudicaulis||wild sarsaparilla|