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Aralia racemosa

American spikenard add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Deciduous

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, rich, average

Height: 3'-6'

Bloom Time: June, July, August

Bloom Color: white, green

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Additional Tags: berries, fall interest, medicinal, naturalizing, showy fruit, woodland plant

Fruit of Aralia racemosa (American spikenard)
  • Fruit of Aralia racemosa (American spikenard)
  • Aralia racemosa (American spikenard)
  • Aralia racemosa (American spikenard)
  • Fruit of Aralia racemosa (American spikenard)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Aralia racemosa

Also known as:

American spikenard

,

spikenard

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

A relative of ginseng, the spikenard's thick, fragrant roots send up a striking plant. It grows to 6' with compound leaves of heart-shaped leaflets. Lower leaves can be enormous. Flowers are greenish-white in rounded clusters. Aralia racemosa is of great autumn interest, when it's berries turn to a dark purplish red and it's leaves turn to gold.

Cultivation

Best suited for woodland gardens in light shade, Aralia racemosa requires moist, well drained fertile soil. It should be sheltered from strong, drying winds. It blooms from June through August. Zones 3-7

Propagation

Propagate in the fall from seed or division of mature roots.

Additional Notes

Aralia racemosa enjoys a wide native range in eastern North America. The plant has been used for traditional medicinal remedies treating a wide range of ailments including asthma, rheumatism, eczema and ulcers. It's root may also be used in making "root beer".

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, AZ, CO, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Special Concern: RI

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Apiales
Family Araliaceae Ginseng family
Genus Aralia spikenard
Species Aralia racemosa American spikenard