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Arethusa bulbosa

dragon's mouth add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ground Orchids

Light Requirements: sun

Water Use: high

Soil Moisture: wet

Soil Description: acid, loam, sand

Height: 5"-10"

Bloom Time: May, June, July

Bloom Color: pink

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6

Additional Tags: attracts bees, bog plant, fragrant flowers, rare, swamp plant

Arethusa bulbosa (dragon's mouth)
  • Arethusa bulbosa (dragon's mouth)
  • Arethusa bulbosa (dragon's mouth)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Arethusa bulbosa

Also known as:

dragon's mouth

,

arethusa

,

swamp-pink

,

bog rose

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Arethusa bulbosa is a terrestrial orchid that produces an intricate, pink flower atop a leafless stalk. Each plant will will produce one grass-like leaf that is all but absent at flowering time.

Cultivation

Arethusa bulbosa is an extremely rare species that should be considered endangered in all of its native range. A cold climate ground orchid, it is found growing in wet, bog-like conditions in full sun. Plants produce corm-like pseudo-bulbs, from which new plants will emerge. Bloom times may vary from May to July. Zones 3-6

Propagation

Mature specimens may be carefully divided. This should NOT be done to wild specimens. Commercial propagation is done in the laboratory.

Additional Notes

Over collection of wild specimens and habitat destruction are the main culprits for this species' disappearance.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
CT, DC, DE, IL, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, VA, VT, WI

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: CT, MD, NH, NC, OH, PA, RI
  • Extirpated: IA
  • Threatened: MA, NY, VT

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Orchidales
Family Orchidaceae Orchid family
Genus Arethusa dragon's mouth
Species Arethusa bulbosa dragon's mouth