Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ground Orchids
Light Requirements: sun
Water Use: high
Soil Moisture: wet
Soil Description: acid, loam, sand
Bloom Time: May, June, July
Bloom Color: pink
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6
Additional Tags: attracts bees, bog plant, fragrant flowers, rare, swamp plant
Pricing & Availability
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Arethusa bulbosaAlso known as:
Arethusa bulbosa is a terrestrial orchid that produces an intricate, pink flower atop a leafless stalk. Each plant will will produce one grass-like leaf that is all but absent at flowering time.
Arethusa bulbosa is an extremely rare species that should be considered endangered in all of its native range. A cold climate ground orchid, it is found growing in wet, bog-like conditions in full sun. Plants produce corm-like pseudo-bulbs, from which new plants will emerge. Bloom times may vary from May to July. Zones 3-6
Mature specimens may be carefully divided. This should NOT be done to wild specimens. Commercial propagation is done in the laboratory.
Over collection of wild specimens and habitat destruction are the main culprits for this species' disappearance.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
CT, DC, DE, IL, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, VA, VT, WI
USDA Endangered Status:
- Endangered: CT, MD, NH, NC, OH, PA, RI
- Extirpated: IA
- Threatened: MA, NY, VT
|Species||Arethusa bulbosa||dragon's mouth|