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Arisaema triphyllum

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Plant types and subtypes: SALE, Perennials, Bulbs

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium, high

Soil Moisture: moist, wet

Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, average

Height: 1'-3'

Bloom Time: April, May, June

Bloom Color: purple, green, brown

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Additional Tags: attracts birds, berries, colonizing, deer resistant, naturalizing, poisonous, shade garden plant, showy fruit, woodland plant

Flower of Arisaema triphyllum (Jack in the pulpit)
  • Flower of Arisaema triphyllum (Jack in the pulpit)
  • Flower of Arisaema triphyllum (Jack in the pulpit)
  • Flower of Arisaema triphyllum (Jack in the pulpit)
  • Flower of Arisaema triphyllum (Jack in the pulpit)

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Description

Arisaema triphyllum

Also known as:

Jack in the pulpit

,

Indian Jack in the pulpit

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Arisaema triphyllum is a woodland and shade garden classic. Growing to heights up to 3', the Jack in the pulpit has 2 leaves, generally divided into three leaflets and growing on their own stems. The large, cylindrical, hooded flowers are striped with green and purplish brown, reaching the same height as the leaves. "Jack" refers to the erect spike of tiny, green to purple flowers extending below the flower's hood, or "pulpit". As summer progresses, the leaves die back and the flowers give way to attractive, conical clusters of bright red berries.

Cultivation

Jack in the pulpit is a low maintenance, deer resistant plant that enjoys a large native range in the eastern half of North America. It does best under filtered light, and more shade where summers are hot. Soil should remain moist during its growing season. Its spring bloom time will vary depending on its geographic location from March, to June. Zones 3-10

Propagation

Can be propagated by root division, when the plant is dormant, or by separating offshoots. It is slow to propagate from seed and is best done with fresh seeds in fall.

Additional Notes

The flowers on the younger plants are male. As the plants get older, the flowers become hermaphroditic and produce fruit. The leaves and roots of the Jack in the pulpit can cause skin irritations and are only edible after careful preparation. Native Americans have used the roots as a source of food but only after they have been adequately dried or cooked to removed their poisonous properties.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida Monocotyledons
Subclass Arecidae
Order Arales
Family Araceae Arum family
Genus Arisaema Jack in the pulpit
Species Arisaema triphyllum Jack in the pulpit