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Aristolochia macrophylla

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Plant types and subtypes: Vines

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: rich, average

Height: 10'-35'

Bloom Time: May, June

Bloom Color: purple, green, brown

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7

Additional Tags: attracts butterflies, climbing, fall interest

Flower of Aristolochia macrophylla (dutchman's pipe)
  • Flower of Aristolochia macrophylla (dutchman's pipe)
  • Aristolochia macrophylla (dutchman's pipe)
  • Flower of Aristolochia macrophylla (dutchman's pipe)
  • Flower of Aristolochia macrophylla (dutchman's pipe)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Aristolochia macrophylla

Also known as:

dutchman's pipe

,

dutchman's pipevine

,

pipevine

Scientific Synonyms:

Aristolochia durior

Description

Aristolochia macrophylla is a fast growing, vigorous deciduous vine. It can easily climb to tree top height by means of twining stems. The 12" pale green heart-shaped leaves and the maroon and greenish pipe-like flowers that dangle from the stems are spectacular and unusual. It bears 4" long, green cylindrical seed capsules that turn to gray or black as they ripen.

Cultivation

Ideal to form a screen with the appropriate support, dutchman's pipe has traditionally been used as a porch-shading vine because of it's large attractive leaves. Although it does best in well drained humus-rich soil in part sun, it is tolerant of a wide range of soil types and light conditions. It can be pared back when dormant. Growing tips may be pinched to produce branching and a fuller plant. Late spring bloom time, May and June. Zones 5-7

Propagation

Propagate from seed after last frost, or outdoor in fall. Also does well with layering or cuttings in summer.

Additional Notes

Dutchman's pipe attracts butterflies. It is a larval host to the pipevine swallowtail which can slow the growth of immature plants.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, CT, GA, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, NC, NJ, NY, PA, SC, TN, VA, VT, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Threatened: MD

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Aristolochiales
Family Aristolochiaceae Birthwort family
Genus Aristolochia dutchman\'s pipe
Species Aristolochia macrophylla dutchman's pipe