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Aronia arbutifolia

red chokeberry add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Shrubs, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist, wet

Soil Description: acid, rich, average, loam, sand

Height: 6'-12'

Bloom Time: May

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Additional Tags: attracts birds, berries, colonizing, fall interest, showy fruit

Aronia arbutifolia (red chokeberry)
  • Aronia arbutifolia (red chokeberry)
  • Aronia arbutifolia (red chokeberry)
  • Aronia arbutifolia (red chokeberry)
  • Aronia arbutifolia (red chokeberry)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Aronia arbutifolia

Also known as:

red chokeberry

,

Scientific Synonyms:

Aronia arbutifolia var. brilliantissima, Aronia arbutifolia var. glabra, Aronia glabrescens, Aronia pubens, Aronia pumila, Aronia pyrifolia, Crataegus pyrifolia, Halmia tomentosa var. pyrifolia, Mespilus arbutifolia, Photinia pyrifolia, Pyrus arbutifolia, Pyrus arbutifolia var. glabra, Sorbus arbutifolia

Description

Aronia arbutifolia is an exceptional deciduous shrub with year round interest. Its fall foliage is among the showiest of any native woody plant, with brilliant hues ranging from rich orange to bright red. It has a multi-stemmed habit, and can reach 10 to 12' at maturity. It produces clusters of white in mid to late spring, followed by showy clusters of red fruit that persist through winter. Exfoliating reddish-brown bark, provides additional winter interest.

Cultivation

Red chokeberry is easy to grow, and adaptable to a wide range of conditions. Fall foliage and fruit production are best when grown in full sun. It is not particular about soil type, although rich well-drained ones are best. It is very tolerant of wet, almost swamp-like conditions, while also being able to withstand extended dry spells. A great choice for rain gardens. It has a suckering habit, which can be easily controlled if one wishes to maintain it as a specimen, or it can be left to spread and form a thicket. Zones 4-9

Propagation

Collected seeds should be stripped of the fruit for storage. A period of cold moist stratification will be required to break dormancy. Also easy to propagate by softwood cuttings, or digging up and transplanting suckers.

Additional Notes

Although the fruit is consumed by some birds, it is usually a food of last resort. Aronia arbutifolia is one of the best alternatives to the introduced, invasive burning bush (Euonymus alatus).

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rosales
Family Rosaceae Rose family
Genus Aronia chokeberry
Species Aronia arbutifolia red chokeberry