Baccharis halimifolia

eastern baccharis add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Shrub-like Trees, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: low

Soil Moisture: dry, moist, wet

Soil Description: acid, neutral, alkaline, average, poor, loam, sand

Height: 6'-15'

Bloom Time: August, September, October

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green, gray-green

Hardiness Zone: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts birds, drought tolerant, fall interest, ornamental foliage, salt tolerant, salt-spray tolerant, semi-deciduous, wetland plant

Flowers of Baccharis halimifolia (eastern baccharis)
  • Flowers of Baccharis halimifolia (eastern baccharis)
  • Flowers of Baccharis halimifolia (eastern baccharis)
  • Flowers of Baccharis halimifolia (eastern baccharis)
  • Baccharis halimifolia (eastern baccharis)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Baccharis halimifolia

Also known as:

eastern baccharis

,

silverling

,

sea myrtle

,

manglier

,

consumption weed

,

saltbush

,

groundsel

,

groundsel bush

,

salt marsh-elder

,

Florida groundsel bush

,

groundseltree

,

sea-myrtle

Scientific Synonyms:

Baccharis halimifolia var. angustior

Description

Baccharis halimifolia is a deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub and the only native woody member of the Aster family. It is a dioecious species, with male and female flowers borne on separate plants. Although both provide good floral displays, the female plants are truly exceptional in late summer to early fall when they burst with slivery-white, plume-like flowers. This species is multi-branched, and typically low-growing, but it can be pruned into a tree-like habit. The leaves are oval, up to 2 1/2" inches long and are particularly attractive with their grayish cast.

Cultivation

Eastern baccharis typically grows in wetland habitats, but will tolerate dry conditions once establish. It is adapted to periods of inundation with freshwater or brackish water and is very tolerant of salt spray. This makes it a good choice to grow in drainage ditches along roadsides that will be regularly treated with salt during the winter, as well as water retention ponds and rain gardens. For best performance, it should be grown in light, well-drained soil, and with plenty of sun. Heavy clay should be avoided. It responds very well to pruning, and can be cut back hard to rejuvenate. Zones 6-10

Propagation

Best to propagate from cuttings.

Additional Notes

Still rarely seen in cultivation, an increase in commercial production is expected as water management systems become more prevalent.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, LA, MA, MD, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OK, PA, RI, SC, TX, VA

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Rare: PA

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae Aster family
Genus Baccharis baccharis
Species Baccharis halimifolia eastern baccharis