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Baptisia tinctoria

yellow wild indigo add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: low

Soil Moisture: dry

Soil Description: neutral, alkaline, average, poor, loam, sand

Height: 2'-4'

Bloom Time: May, June, July, August, September

Bloom Color: yellow

Leaf Color: green, gray-green

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts butterflies, medicinal, naturalizing, ornamental foliage, poisonous, showy fruit

Baptisia tinctoria (yellow wild indigo)
  • Baptisia tinctoria (yellow wild indigo)
  • Baptisia tinctoria (yellow wild indigo)
  • Baptisia tinctoria (yellow wild indigo)
  • Baptisia tinctoria (yellow wild indigo)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Baptisia tinctoria

Also known as:

yellow wild indigo

,

wild indigo

,

horsefly weed

,

horseflyweed

Scientific Synonyms:

Baptisia gibbesii

Description

Rising up to 4 feet, the yellow wild indigo is a shrubby, attractive plant with and gray-green, clover-like leaves. The yellow pea-like flowers appear on terminal spikes and resemble those of the lupine. Flowers give way to attractive, roundish seed pods.

Cultivation

Growing naturally in prairies and dry, open woodlands of the eastern United States, Baptisia tinctoria is a good choice for dry, poor, well drained areas of the garden. It does best in full sun but will tolerate light shade.Bloom times are from May through September. Zones 4-8

Propagation

Propagate from seed in fall. It can be divided, but due to its deep root system, it prefers not to be disturbed.

Additional Notes

The name "Baptisia" comes from Greek meaning "to dye". It has been used as a cheap dyeing alternative to true indigo. Although poisonous if ingested, its roots have been used as a purgative, emetic, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic. It attracts butterflies, but is also a larval host for some species of moths.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: ME
  • Threatened: KY

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Fabales
Family Fabaceae Pea family
Genus Baptisia wild indigo
Species Baptisia tinctoria yellow wild indigo