Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Deciduous
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: moist
Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, average
Bloom Time: April, May
Bloom Color: yellow, green
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Additional Tags: attracts birds, edible, fragrant plant
Pricing & Availability
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Betula alleghaniensisAlso known as:
Betula alleghaniensis is a medium to large tree, typically growing to a height of 40' to 60' in cultivation, although old specimens in the wild have been found reaching 100'. The bark is smooth, peeling, and shiny with silvery to bronze hues. When grown in the open, it will take on an urn shape that can be as wide as it is tall. The leaves are deep green, oval with a pointed tip, serrated, and put on a spectacular show in fall when they turn vibrant yellow.
Yellow birch is best suited for cooler climates, and should be placed on a north-facing slope if grown in the warmer limits of its range. This is not a drought tolerant species, and will do best in soil with good drainage and consistent moisture. Very cold hardy: zone 3-7
Propagate by seed.
Young trees are favored by deer, and should be protected until they have grown well past the browse line. The twigs have a mild wintergreen aroma, and mature trees can be tapped for syrup.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
CT, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Endangered: IL
|Species||Betula alleghaniensis||yellow birch|