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Betula alleghaniensis

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Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, average

Height: 40'-60'

Bloom Time: April, May

Bloom Color: yellow, green

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Additional Tags: attracts birds, edible, fragrant plant

Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
  • Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
  • Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
  • Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
  • Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Betula alleghaniensis

Also known as:

yellow birch

,

gray birch

,

silver birch

,

swamp birch

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Betula alleghaniensis is a medium to large tree, typically growing to a height of 40' to 60' in cultivation, although old specimens in the wild have been found reaching 100'. The bark is smooth, peeling, and shiny with silvery to bronze hues. When grown in the open, it will take on an urn shape that can be as wide as it is tall. The leaves are deep green, oval with a pointed tip, serrated, and put on a spectacular show in fall when they turn vibrant yellow.

Cultivation

Yellow birch is best suited for cooler climates, and should be placed on a north-facing slope if grown in the warmer limits of its range. This is not a drought tolerant species, and will do best in soil with good drainage and consistent moisture. Very cold hardy: zone 3-7

Propagation

Propagate by seed.

Additional Notes

Young trees are favored by deer, and should be protected until they have grown well past the browse line. The twigs have a mild wintergreen aroma, and mature trees can be tapped for syrup.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
CT, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: IL

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Betulaceae Birch family
Genus Betula birch
Species Betula alleghaniensis yellow birch