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Betula papyrifera

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Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: medium, high

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: neutral, alkaline, rich, average, loam, clay, sand, gravel/rock

Height: 50'-70'

Bloom Time: April

Bloom Color: yellow

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, fall interest, winter interest

Betula papyrifera (paper birch)
  • Betula papyrifera (paper birch)
  • Betula papyrifera (paper birch)
  • Betula papyrifera (paper birch)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Betula papyrifera

Also known as:

paper birch

,

white birch

,

paperbark birch

,

canoe birch

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Betula papyrifera is a deciduous tree with exceptional visual allure. Easily identified by its peeling white bark, mature trees grow to a height of 50' to 70'. The leaves are triangular to ovate, irregularly serrated, and put on a spectacular fall show when the they turn bright yellow.

Cultivation

Paper birch is a cool climate tree, best grown where summer average temperatures seldom exceed 75 degrees. It is intolerant of shade, and prefers consistently moist, well-drained soils. Best planted in groups, and with a dark background, to take full advantage of its striking white bark. Zones 2-6

Additional Notes

Betula papyrifera produces high quality, commercially valuable lumber. Its sap has been harvested to produce syrup, beer, wine, or vinegar. The bark was traditionally used to make canoe skins, buckets and baskets. Although it is tempting to pull off the peeling bark, doing so does damage the tree and should be discouraged.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
CO, CT, IA, ID, IL, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OR, PA, RI, SD, TN, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Betulaceae Birch family
Genus Betula birch
Species Betula papyrifera paper birch