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Betula populifolia

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Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun

Water Use: low, medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist, wet

Soil Description: rich, average, poor, loam, clay, sand

Height: 35'-50'

Bloom Time: April, May

Bloom Color: green, brown

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6

Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, colonizing, drought tolerant, fall interest, naturalizing, ornamental foliage, pond margin plant, stream margin plant

Betula populifolia (gray birch)
  • Betula populifolia (gray birch)
  • Betula populifolia (gray birch)
  • Catkins of Betula populifolia (gray birch)
  • Betula populifolia (gray birch)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Betula populifolia

Also known as:

gray birch

,

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Betula populifoliais a moderate sized deciduous tree that is typically under 50' tall at maturity. It is often multi-trunked, with a nicely-rounded open crown. While in its pole stage, the bark is white, similar to, but less papery than that of the river birch. At maturity the bark becomes dark gray, with occasional white blotches. The the leaves are triangular and serrated, becoming brilliantly yellow in fall.

Cultivation

Gray birch is a pioneer species, naturally adapted to disturbed areas and poor soil in full sun. It is does best in rich, moist, well-drained soil, but is also well suited to poor soil, excessively-drained and poorly-drained soil. Areas with standing water, regular or seasonal inundation should be avoided. It is very easy to grow and under ideal circumstance, its growth rate can reach 5' per year. Blooms in April. Zones 3-6

Propagation

Propagate from freshly collected seeds without pretreatment. saplings are rapid growing and easy to transplant.

Additional Notes

The wood of gray birch is extremely flexible. The top of trees can be bend down to the ground under heavy snow without snapping.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
CT, DE, IL, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, VA, VT, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: IL
  • Extirpated: IA

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Betulaceae Birch family
Genus Betula birch
Species Betula populifolia gray birch