Plant types and subtypes: Vines, Evergreens
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: dry, moist
Soil Description: neutral, average, loam, clay, sand
Bloom Time: March, April, May, June
Bloom Color: yellow, orange, red
Leaf Color: green, purple, bronze
Hardiness Zone: 6, 7, 8, 9
Additional Tags: attracts butterflies, attracts hummingbirds, climbing, fall interest, ornamental foliage, semi-deciduous
Pricing & Availability
Bignonia capreolataAlso known as:
Anisostichus capreolata, Anisostichus crucigera, Doxantha capreolata
Bignonia capreolata is a climbing, woody vine that can spread to over 50'. In mid-spring the crossvine becomes covered with clusters of yellow to red trumpet shaped 2" flowers. The leaves are oblong, glossy and waxy in appearance. They turn from deep green in summer to shades of bronze and purple in fall where the weather is colder. It bears 7" long pod-like seed capsules which mature in late summer. It retains most of its leaves making it a climber with great winter interest.
Native to the Eastern U.S. from Texas to Maryland, crossvine can grow in a variety of soil and light conditions, though sunnier exposures will produce more abundant flower production. It climbs using tendrils which consist of modified leaflets therefore it does not damage its supporting structure. Ideal for trellises as well as stone or masonry walls. It may bloom as early as March or as late as April. It often has a smaller secondary bloom in late summer or early fall. Zones 6-9
May be propagated from seed, but is easier to propagate from softwood cuttings in summer and fall, or layering in winter.
If the vine is cut, it will reveal a cross-shape, hence the common name crossvine. While the flowers are appealing to butterflies and humming birds, the lower parts of the plant might come as an irresistible treat for deer in winter.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, OH, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV