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Calycanthus floridus

eastern sweetshrub add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: rich, loam

Height: 6'-10'

Bloom Time: April, May, June, July

Bloom Color: red, crimson, brown

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: clumping, colonizing, cut flowers, fall interest, fragrant flowers, fragrant plant, hedging plant, naturalizing, ornamental foliage, showy fruit

Calycanthus floridus (eastern sweetshrub)
  • Calycanthus floridus (eastern sweetshrub)
  • Calycanthus floridus (eastern sweetshrub)
  • Calycanthus floridus (eastern sweetshrub)
  • Calycanthus floridus (eastern sweetshrub)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Calycanthus floridus

Also known as:

eastern sweetshrub

,

sweet shrub

,

Carolina allspice

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Calycanthus floridus is a deciduous shrub with great ornamental value. Its green leathery leaves turn brilliant yellow in fall. It produces crimson-colored terminal flowers that are dense with overlapping petals. The flowers exude a sweet, spicy fragrance, as do the leaves when crushed. The large seed pods are urn-shaped, densely packed seeds, and will persist on the plant well into winter.

Cultivation

Eastern sweetshrub is very easy to grow and adaptable to a range of soil and light conditions. It prefers moist, well-drained, rich and deep loams. It tolerates open shade but might become leggy. If planted in more sun, it will retain a denser, well rounded form. It can be pruned to encourage compact growth. this should be done immediately after flowering. It has a suckering habit. Unwanted growth should be removed promptly if the shrub is to used as a specimen. A good hedging plant that should be kept close to foot traffic to take advantage of its fragrance. Bloom times are from April to July. Zones 5-8

Propagation

Propagate from seed. Suckers can be dug out and transplanted with some pampering. Can also be propagated from semi-hardwood cuttings.

Additional Notes

Easy to grow and disease free. The seed pods do not open on their own, but rely on mice and chipmunks to chew them open and disperse the seeds.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, KY, LA, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NY, OH, PA, SC, TN, VA, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: FL
  • Threatened: KY

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Laurales
Family Calycanthaceae
Genus Calycanthus sweetshrub
Species Calycanthus floridus eastern sweetshrub