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Camassia scilloides

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Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Bulbs

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: neutral, rich, loam, clay, sand

Height: 1'-2'

Bloom Time: March, April, May

Bloom Color: lilac, lavender, blue

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts butterflies, clumping, cottage garden plant, naturalizing, rock garden plant, stream margin plant

Camassia scilloides (Atlantic camas)
  • Camassia scilloides (Atlantic camas)
  • Camassia scilloides (Atlantic camas)
  • Camassia scilloides (Atlantic camas)
  • Camassia scilloides (Atlantic camas)

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Description

Camassia scilloides

Also known as:

Atlantic camas

,

wild hyacinth

Scientific Synonyms:

Camassia esculenta, Quamasia hyacinthina

Description

Camassia scilloides is a perennial bulb with grass-like basal foliage. The flowers somewhat resemble those of the cultivated florist hyacinths. These form an open terminal spike atop a 2' tall bare stem. Bloom color may vary from whitish, to shades of blue, lavender or lilac. Each flower has 6 extended stamens, topped by large, showy yellow anthers. The flowers are sweetly fragrant.

Cultivation

Atlantic camas can be found in varied habitats, from open meadows, prairies to open woodlands, in full sun to part-shade. It prefers rich, moist, well-drained soil, but will do well in drier conditions and just about any soil. It is a spring bloomer, and the foliage will die back completely by mid-summer. It can be planted in cottage gardens, perennial flower beds and borders, or rock gardens, mixed in with later emerging plants. Easy to grow and low maintenance. Flowers last about 3 weeks, from March to May. Zones 4-8

Propagation

Propagate from seed. Clumps can be dug up, when the plant is dormant, to separate the bulbs. This should be done regularly to ensure strong flower production

Additional Notes

Native Americans used the bulbs for food, both raw or cooked.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, DC, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: PA, WI
  • Threatened: MI, NC

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae Lily family
Genus Camassia camas
Species Camassia scilloides Atlantic camas