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Cardamine concatenata

cutleaf toothwort add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ephemerals

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: neutral, rich

Height: 6"-12"

Bloom Time: March, April, May

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts butterflies, clumping, edible, ephemeral, ornamental foliage, rock garden plant, shade garden plant, woodland plant

Flowers of Cardamine concatenata (cutleaf toothwort)
  • Flowers of Cardamine concatenata (cutleaf toothwort)
  • Leaves of Cardamine concatenata (cutleaf toothwort)
  • Cardamine concatenata (cutleaf toothwort)
  • Cardamine concatenata (cutleaf toothwort)

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Description

Cardamine concatenata

Also known as:

cutleaf toothwort

,

pepper root

,

cut-leaved toothwort

Scientific Synonyms:

Cardamine laciniata, Dentaria concatenata, Dentaria laciniata

Description

Cardamine concatenata is an ephemeral woodland wildflower, which means it is a spring bloomer that will go dormant by early summer. It produces 12" long stems with no basal foliage. The showy, divided, elongated leaves are dark green, deeply dented and appear mid-stem. Clusters of whitish, terminal, cross-shaped, four-petaled flowers appear in early spring before the emergence of tree foliage.

Cultivation

Cutleaf toothwort is native to moist, rich deciduous forests, where it enjoys the filtered light allowed to pass through the leafless trees. Its fleshy rhizomes will allow the plant to form neat little clumps. Like most ephemerals, it is best planted in combination with later blooming perennials. Can bloom from March to early May in cooler areas. Zones 4-8

Propagation

Easily propagated by by separating its rhizomes once the plant goes dormant. Can be propagated from seed, but new plants can take up to 4 years to produce flowers. Collected seeds should not be store, as they will quickly lose viability.

Additional Notes

The common name "pepper root" is a reference to the spicy flavor of its fleshy rhizomes. These can be eaten raw, mixed in with salads just as you would radishes. Toothwort is a reference to the tooth-like projections on the rhizomes.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: ME, NH

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassiaceae Mustard family
Genus Cardamine bittercress
Species Cardamine concatenata cutleaf toothwort