Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ephemerals
Light Requirements: part-shade, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: moist
Soil Description: neutral, rich
Bloom Time: March, April, May
Bloom Color: white
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: attracts butterflies, clumping, edible, ephemeral, ornamental foliage, rock garden plant, shade garden plant, woodland plant
Pricing & Availability
Cardamine concatenataAlso known as:
Cardamine laciniata, Dentaria concatenata, Dentaria laciniata
Cardamine concatenata is an ephemeral woodland wildflower, which means it is a spring bloomer that will go dormant by early summer. It produces 12" long stems with no basal foliage. The showy, divided, elongated leaves are dark green, deeply dented and appear mid-stem. Clusters of whitish, terminal, cross-shaped, four-petaled flowers appear in early spring before the emergence of tree foliage.
Cutleaf toothwort is native to moist, rich deciduous forests, where it enjoys the filtered light allowed to pass through the leafless trees. Its fleshy rhizomes will allow the plant to form neat little clumps. Like most ephemerals, it is best planted in combination with later blooming perennials. Can bloom from March to early May in cooler areas. Zones 4-8
Easily propagated by by separating its rhizomes once the plant goes dormant. Can be propagated from seed, but new plants can take up to 4 years to produce flowers. Collected seeds should not be store, as they will quickly lose viability.
The common name "pepper root" is a reference to the spicy flavor of its fleshy rhizomes. These can be eaten raw, mixed in with salads just as you would radishes. Toothwort is a reference to the tooth-like projections on the rhizomes.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Endangered: ME, NH
|Species||Cardamine concatenata||cutleaf toothwort|