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Carya glabra

pignut hickory add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade, shade

Water Use: low

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: neutral, rich, average, loam, clay, sand, gravel/rock

Height: 50'-100'

Bloom Time: April, May

Bloom Color: yellow, green, brown

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, drought tolerant, fall interest, shade tree

Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
  • Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
  • Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
  • Carya glabra (pignut hickory)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Carya glabra

Also known as:

pignut hickory

,

broom hickory

,

red hickory

,

swamp hickory

,

sweet pignut hickory

,

smoothbark hickory

,

coast pignut hickory

,

pignut

,

false shagbark

Scientific Synonyms:

Carya leiodermis, Carya magnifloridana, Carya microcarpa, Hicoria austrina, Hicoria glabra

Description

Carya glabra is a tall-growing deciduous tree that can reach a height of 100'. It is the most common hickory in the southern Appalachians and Ohio River Basin. It forms an irregular crown, and its green, compound leaves turn brilliant shades of yellow in fall. It produces hard-shelled fruit that are considered too bitter for human consumption, but are relished by wildlife. The nuts are pear-shaped, and up to 1 1/2" long.

Cultivation

One of most shade tolerant hickories, Carya glabra can also be grown in full sun. It prefers rich soil, and its deep taproot makes it very drought resistant within its native range. Pignut hickory does not like having wet feet. It is a good choice for a shade tree. Blooms April or May. Zones 5-9

Propagation

Easy to propagate from fresh seed. Stored seeds will require at least a month of cold stratification to break dormancy. It is not a good candidate for propagation by cuttings. Its deep taproot makes i difficult to transplant. Cultivated sapling should be place in their final location as soon as possible.

Additional Notes

Pignut hickory nuts where used in earlier days as a protein rich pig-feed, hence the common name. The wood is extremely hard yet flexible. Uses have included: wagon wheels and agricultural implements, skis and other sporting goods, broom handles, mallets, mauls and more. The branches will resist breakage, even under the heaviest, wet snow loads.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WV

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Juglandales
Family Juglandaceae Walnut family
Genus Carya hickory
Species Carya glabra pignut hickory