Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Deciduous
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade, shade
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: dry, moist
Soil Description: neutral, rich, average, loam, clay, sand, gravel/rock
Bloom Time: April, May
Bloom Color: yellow, green, brown
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, drought tolerant, fall interest, shade tree
Pricing & Availability
Carya glabraAlso known as:
sweet pignut hickory,
coast pignut hickory,
Carya leiodermis, Carya magnifloridana, Carya microcarpa, Hicoria austrina, Hicoria glabra
Carya glabra is a tall-growing deciduous tree that can reach a height of 100'. It is the most common hickory in the southern Appalachians and Ohio River Basin. It forms an irregular crown, and its green, compound leaves turn brilliant shades of yellow in fall. It produces hard-shelled fruit that are considered too bitter for human consumption, but are relished by wildlife. The nuts are pear-shaped, and up to 1 1/2" long.
One of most shade tolerant hickories, Carya glabra can also be grown in full sun. It prefers rich soil, and its deep taproot makes it very drought resistant within its native range. Pignut hickory does not like having wet feet. It is a good choice for a shade tree. Blooms April or May. Zones 5-9
Easy to propagate from fresh seed. Stored seeds will require at least a month of cold stratification to break dormancy. It is not a good candidate for propagation by cuttings. Its deep taproot makes i difficult to transplant. Cultivated sapling should be place in their final location as soon as possible.
Pignut hickory nuts where used in earlier days as a protein rich pig-feed, hence the common name. The wood is extremely hard yet flexible. Uses have included: wagon wheels and agricultural implements, skis and other sporting goods, broom handles, mallets, mauls and more. The branches will resist breakage, even under the heaviest, wet snow loads.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WV
|Species||Carya glabra||pignut hickory|