Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Deciduous
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade
Water Use: low, medium
Soil Moisture: moist
Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich
Bloom Time: March, April, May
Bloom Color: purple, pink, lilac
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts butterflies, edible, fall interest, fragrant flowers, showy fruit
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Cercis canadensisAlso known as:
Eastern redbud is one of the classic eastern, spring blooming flowering trees. It blooms in early spring at the same time as the dogwoods. It is known for its profusion of pink, pea-like flowers that emerge in tight clusters directly from the bare stems, branches and even the older trunks, and well before any foliage. The trees have an open, even tortured shape, with a rather flat crown, and are reminiscent of trees often portrayed in Japanese, and Chinese paintings. By mid to late spring the redbud will produce seeds contained in stringbean-like pods that turn from green, to red, to brown as they ripen. The soft green, heart-shaped leaves turn to brilliant yellow in fall.
Easy to grow in average soil and light conditions, it is important for it to be placed in well drained soil, for it does not like having wet feet. Cercis canadensis is moderately drought tolerant and does very well in urban settings or in full sun. It blooms in early spring, March in the south to early May up north. Zones 5-8.
Propagate from freshly collected seeds in fall. Stored seeds will need to be cold stratified in a refrigerator for up to two months before spring planting.
Redbud flowers, flower buds, seed pods, seeds and young stems are edible. Flowers and buds are sour and can be eaten raw, added to salads and fruit salads, or cooked in pancakes or baked deserts. Young seed pods may be boiled or sauteed, much in the same preparation as stringbeans. Mature seeds can be roasted. Young stems have been used to season wild game.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NE, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Endangered: NJ
- Salvage Restricted: AZ
- Special Concern: CT
|Species||Cercis canadensis||eastern redbud|