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Chrysogonum virginianum

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Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ground Covers

Light Requirements: part-sun, part-shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, average, loam

Height: 6"-12"

Bloom Time: April, May, June, July, August, September, October

Bloom Color: yellow

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: colonizing, creeping, mat-forming, naturalizing, rock garden plant, shade garden plant

Flower of Chrysogonum virginianum (green and gold).
  • Flower of Chrysogonum virginianum (green and gold).
  • Flower of Chrysogonum virginianum (green and gold).
  • Flower of Chrysogonum virginianum (green and gold).
  • Flower of Chrysogonum virginianum (green and gold).

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Description

Chrysogonum virginianum

Also known as:

green and gold

,

golden knees

,

goldenstar

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Green and gold is an attractive low growing plant (12" or less) with hairy stems and leaves reminiscent of mint or ajuga. The five-petaled, star-shaped flowers are bright yellow and will provide brilliant contrast for a shade or woodland garden.

Cultivation

Chrysogonum virginianum prefers medium light conditions. Avoid deep shade and full sun. If placed in rich, well-drained soil, it will grow into an attractive, non-invasive ground cover. It will survive an occasional drought or flood. Green and golds bloom for an extended period beginning in mid-spring and lasting until mid-fall. Under hotter and dryer conditions, it will enter a period of semi-dormancy in summer, only to bloom anew in fall when the weather cools down. Blooms April through October. Zones 6-8

Propagation

Self- propagates readily by seed, stolons and rhizomes. Clumps may be divided in fall or early spring. To propagate from seed, sow when the ground has reached an average temperature of 70°.

Additional Notes

The exact form of this species (clumping vs. creeping) can be highly variable depending on latitude.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, DC, FL, GA, KY, LA, MD, MS, NC, NY, OH, PA, SC, TN, VA, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: KY, PA
  • Threatened: OH, TN

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae Aster family
Genus Chrysogonum chrysogonum
Species Chrysogonum virginianum green and gold