Circaea lutetiana

broadleaf enchanter's nightshade add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: rich, loam, clay

Height: 1'-2'

Bloom Time: June, July, August

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts bees, colonizing, naturalizing, shade garden plant, woodland plant

Circaea lutetiana (broadleaf enchanter's nightshade)
  • Circaea lutetiana (broadleaf enchanter's nightshade)
  • Circaea lutetiana (broadleaf enchanter's nightshade)

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Description

Circaea lutetiana

Also known as:

broadleaf enchanter's nightshade

,

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Circaea lutetiana is an attractive woodland species with broad, opposite oblong leaves that taper to a fine point, with slightly serrated margins. The plant is typically unbranched and grows up to a height of 2'. The diminutive white flowers are borne on a terminal raceme that extends 6" above the foliage.

Cultivation

Broadleaf enchater's nightshade is rarely found in cultivation, but is an excellent companion plant for other woodland species that enjoy filtered light and moist soil rich in organic material. It can spread via rhizomes, but is not aggressive. This makes it a good choice to fill in gaps among other species, where its broad attractive foliage can be used to offset other texture. The flowers are not very showy, but do add a delicate visual element during the summer months. Zones 4-8

Propagation

Sow freshly collect seeds in fall, or divide rhizomes in spring.

Additional Notes

Circaea lutetiana is rarely found commercially, but its ornamental features and non-aggressive habit make it worthy of more attention.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Myrtales
Family Onagraceae Evening Primrose family
Genus Circaea enchanter's nightshade
Species Circaea lutetiana broadleaf enchanter's nightshade