Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Deciduous
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: dry, moist
Soil Description: neutral, rich, average
Bloom Time: March, April, May, June
Bloom Color: green
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: attracts birds, clumping, colonizing, fall interest, hedging plant, naturalizing, shade garden plant, showy fruit
Pricing & Availability
Corylus americanaAlso known as:
Corylus americana is a deciduous shrub valuable for its ornamental qualities and its production of edible nuts. It is multi-stemmed, dense, and usually reaches a mature height of 12', though it can grow taller under some circumstances. Each plant bears both female flowers and male catkins. The leaves are somewhat heart-shaped and in fall turn vivid shades of yellow to red, and even purple. The fruit are acorn-like, smaller than those of the European commercialized species, but equally delectable. The zig-zagging stems provide good visual interest in winter when bare of any foliage.
American hazelnut is very easy to grow, and tends to form dense colonies and thickets by means of rhizomes. It prefers rich, moist well-drained soils, but can tolerate dryer conditions in more shade and is also found in wetter areas such as along stream banks. It can be planted in full sun, but will tolerate full shade at lower elevations. It can be pruned anytime, used as an ornamental lawn specimen, as a hedging plant, or to naturalize large areas. Flowering times will vary from March to June. Zones 4-8
Easily propagated from seed. If previously stored, these will require a period of cold stratification to break dormancy. New plants will begin producing fruit after their first year, and abundant crops every 2 to 3 years. Can also be propagated by digging up and transplanting suckering roots. It is possible to propagated from cuttings though success rates are low using this method.
There are few down sides to this species if any, and the abundant production of nuts is a bonus. Nuts and catkins are a valuable food source for birds and mammals, large and small. Thickets provide valuable shelter for wildlife.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
|Species||Corylus americana||American hazelnut|