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Crataegus crus-galli

cockspur hawthorn add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Trees, Deciduous

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: low

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, average, poor, loam, clay, sand

Height: 20'-35'

Bloom Time: May, June

Bloom Color: white, pink

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, drought tolerant, fall interest, fragrant flowers, salt-spray tolerant, showy fruit

Crataegus crus-galli (cockspur hawthorn)
  • Crataegus crus-galli (cockspur hawthorn)
  • Crataegus crus-galli (cockspur hawthorn)
  • Crataegus crus-galli (cockspur hawthorn)
  • Crataegus crus-galli (cockspur hawthorn)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Crataegus crus-galli

Also known as:

cockspur hawthorn

,

Scientific Synonyms:

Crataegus acutifolia, Crataegus algens, Crataegus barrettiana, Crataegus bushii, Crataegus canbyi, Crataegus cherokeensis, Crataegus cocksii, Crataegus danielsii, Crataegus denaria, Crataegus fecunda, Crataegus fontanesiana, Crataegus hannibalensis, Crataegus mohrii, Crataegus operta, Crataegus palliata, Crataegus palmeri, Crataegus permixta, Crataegus pyracanthoides, Crataegus regalis, Crataegus sabineana, Crataegus schizophylla, Crataegus signata, Crataegus subpilosa, Crataegus tantula, Crataegus tenax, Crataegus triumphalis, Crataegus uniqua, Crataegus vallicola

Description

Crataegus crus-galli is a highly ornamental small deciduous tree, that can reach a height of 35' at maturity, and will be of equal spread. It can be multi-stemmed, though these will develop into stocky, sturdy trunks as the tree matures. It develops an umbrella like canopy with just a few feet of clearance from the ground. The flowers appear in dense clusters, are whitish or pinkish, fragrant but of considered malodorous. They give way to clusters of apple-like (pomes) small, 1/2" fruit that turn from green to red as they ripen. These will persist on the tree well into winter if not first eaten by wildlife. The leaves are deep-green, waxy, leathery and finely serrated, and turn brilliant shades of orange and red in fall. One its distinguishable features are the long, sharp needle-like thorns born on the stems.

Cultivation

Crataegus crus-galli is very easy to grow and adaptable to challenging conditions. It prefers rich, moist well-drained soil, but tolerates drought, poor and compacted soils, and is even resistant to salt spray. A location in full sun is best, but it will tolerate moderate amounts of shade or part-sun. Any pruning is best done in late winter to early spring. Trees will tend to produce suckers which should be promptly removed. It makes a good specimen for use in open areas, and its hardiness makes it a good choice for urban areas though the thorns are a liability and it should be kept away from areas with heavy foot traffic. Flowering occurs in May and June. Zones 5-8

Propagation

It is easiest to propagate from freshly collected seeds. Seeds that have been dried and stored will require a series of stratification periods spread over the better part of a year. Is a good candidate for grafting. The genus name "Crataegus" means "flowering thorn".

Additional Notes

Crataegus crus-galli provides valuable cover, and food for a variety of wildlife. Young plants quickly develop a taproot and are difficult to transplant. These should be placed in a permanent location as soon as possible.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rosales
Family Rosaceae Rose family
Genus Crataegus hawthorn
Species Crataegus crus-galli cockspur hawthorn