Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ephemerals, Bulbs
Light Requirements: part-sun, part-shade, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: moist
Soil Description: neutral, rich, average
Bloom Time: March, April, May
Bloom Color: white, yellow, pink
Leaf Color: green, gray-green
Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Additional Tags: colonizing, deer resistant, ephemeral, fragrant flowers, naturalizing, poisonous, shade garden plant
Pricing & Availability
Dicentra cucullariaAlso known as:
Bicuculla cucullaria, Dicentra occidentalis
This species of Dicentra will produce a dense, yet airy array of finely divided, fern-like, grayish-green leaves. The intriguingly shaped flowers appear in clusters at the ends of leafless stalks. Bloom color is white with yellowish or pinkish hues. The flowers are also lightly fragrant. Dicentra cucullaria is a very graceful and elegant small woodland plant.
Best grown in filtered light and rich, moist well drained soil, dutchman's breeches will tolerate more sun in cooler areas. The plant is ephemeral which means that the foliage will completely die back in summer. Hotter, drier or sunnier conditions will hasten this process. Overly wet winter conditions can promote root rot. Combine with later emerging perennials. Blooms in early spring. Zones 3-7
Propagate by separating tubers when the plant is dormant in spring or fall. May also be propagated from seed. If the seeds have been stored, they should be cold stratified before sowing.
All parts of the plant are toxic, but only if ingested in large quantities.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV
|Species||Dicentra cucullaria||dutchman's breeches|