Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Deciduous
Light Requirements: part-sun, part-shade
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: dry, moist
Soil Description: acid, neutral, average, poor, loam, clay, sand, gravel/rock
Bloom Time: June, July, August
Bloom Color: yellow
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6
Additional Tags: clumping, colonizing, drought tolerant, fall interest, fragrant flowers, hedging plant, naturalizing, shade garden plant
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Diervilla loniceraAlso known as:
northern bush honeysuckle,
low bush honeysuckle,
dwarf bush honeysuckle
Diervilla lonicera is a low-growing deciduous shrub that forms dense, well-rounded mounds up to 4' tall. The flowers are honeysuckle-like, fragrant and yellow with a tendency to turn to darker shades over time. The leaves are lance-shaped with finely serrated edges and are often deeply veined. They turn showy shades of yellow, orange, and eventually red to purple in fall. The bark is exfoliating, exposing the orangish inner bark and providing some winter interest, though on a small scale.
Northern bush honeysuckle spreads aggressively by lateral suckering roots. It is adapted to poor, dry, well-drained soil, and should be considered drought resistant within its natural range. It is a cool climate species that will not tolerate the high heat and humidity of the south. It is quite shade tolerant, and is best used in a location protected from full direct sunlight. It is ideal as a soil stabilizer and can be used effectively for erosion control in disturbed areas. It can also be used as a low hedging plant in an area where the roots are confined to control unwanted spread. Individual plants are short lived, but regularly removing older stems will encourage suckering and promote a healthy appearance. Bloom times will vary depending on geographic location, from June to August. Zones 3-6
Easily propagated from seed without pretreatment. Easily propagated from softwood and semi-hardwood cuttings. Root suckers can be dug up and transplanted.
Individual plants are self-sterile, meaning they will require a separate plant for pollination. As a result of this, its main means of colonizing is vegetative, with large thickets often being connected to a single parent plant.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, CT, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, ND, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Rare: IN
- Threatened: TN
|Species||Diervilla lonicera||northern bush honeysuckle|