Plant types and subtypes: Grasses, Wetland Grasses, Prairie Grasses
Light Requirements: sun
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: dry, moist, wet
Soil Description: alkaline, clay, sand
Bloom Time: June, July, August, September, October
Bloom Color: yellow
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, clumping, colonizing, drought tolerant, emergent, mat-forming, medicinal, naturalizing, salt tolerant, swamp plant, wetland plant
Pricing & Availability
Distichlis spicataAlso known as:
Distichlis stricta, Uniola spicata
Distichlis spicata is a low growing grass, with green, erect blades that rarely grow longer than 16".
Distichlis spicata is a bit of an oddball species: it is a wetland grass, yet is also found extensively in inland prairies, and is also drought resistant. It is used very effectively for wetland restoration and stabilization, where its high resistance to salt, rapid growth, and tolerance to regular or tidal inundation, make it a valuable asset. It also does well in dryer, sandy soil and can tolerate high alkalinity. Blooms June to October. Zones 2-10
Propagate from seed or by division.
The versatility of this grass also makes it a potentially invasive species. Please consult with an agricultural or weed specialist before planting. Saltgrass is used in the pharmaceutical industry to produce respiratory allergenic drugs.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, KS, LA, MA, MD, ME, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TX, UT, VA, WA, WI, WY
USDA Endangered Status:
- Extirpated: PA