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Dryopteris x australis

Dixie woodfern add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Ferns

Light Requirements: part-sun, part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, rich, loam

Height: 3'-5'

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Additional Tags: clumping, deer resistant, ornamental foliage, semi-deciduous, shade garden plant

Dryopteris x australis (Dixie woodfern)
  • Dryopteris x australis (Dixie woodfern)

Pricing & Availability


Dryopteris x australis

Also known as:

Dixie woodfern


Scientific Synonyms:

Dryopteris clintoniana var. australis, Dryopteris cristata var. australis


Dryopteris x australis is a naturally occurring, but very rare hybrid. There are barely more than a dozen known wild populations, most of them disjunct. It is a tall, elegant fern with bright green fronds that can grow to a height of 5' under ideal conditions. It is considered semi-evergreen in the warmer parts of it's range.


This woodfern (also known as Dixie woodfern), is easy to grow in open shade and moist, well-drained soil rich in organic material. Established plants are tolerant of the dry summer conditions typically found under the canopy of deciduous forests. It will also tolerate part-sun if the soil is consistently moist. It can be used to provide a stunning vertical accent to a shade garden. This species has a clumping habit, and is sterile, so there is no risk of it displacing other plants as some other species of large ferns might do. Due to the height of the fronds, it can benefit from being planted in a sheltered location that will offer protection from wind damage. Zones 5-9


This species is sterile, and can only be propagated by division, or tissue culture.

Additional Notes

Dryopteris x australis is a hybrid of D. celsa and D. ludoviciana, with Dryopteris celsa itself being a fertile hybrid of D. ludoviciana and D. goldieana.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Special Concern: TN


Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Division Pteridophyta Ferns
Class Filicopsida
Order Polypodiales
Family Dryopteridaceae Wood Fern family
Genus Dryopteris woodfern
Species Dryopteris x australis Dixie woodfern