Echinacea angustifolia

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Plant types and subtypes: Perennials

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: low

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: neutral, alkaline, average, poor, loam, clay, sand, gravel/rock

Height: 1'-2'

Bloom Time: June, July, August

Bloom Color: purple, pink

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, colonizing, cottage garden plant, cut flowers, drought tolerant, medicinal, naturalizing, rock garden plant

Echinacea angustifolia (blacksamson echinacea)
  • Echinacea angustifolia (blacksamson echinacea)

Pricing & Availability


Echinacea angustifolia

Also known as:

blacksamson echinacea


black Samson


Kansas snakeroot


narrow-leaved purple coneflower


scurvy root


comb flower


hedge hog

Scientific Synonyms:


Rarely growing taller than 2', Echinacea angustifolia is a compact perennial, and one of the shortest of all purple coneflowers. The leaves are mostly basal, up to 8" long, and only 1/2' to 1" wide. Each plant will produce several mostly unbranched flowering stems. Flowers consist of 15 to 20 pale purplish, drooping petals surrounding a dark brown, cone-shaped central disk.


Echinacea angustifolia is very tolerant of dry condition, in full sun. It is adapted to most well-drained soils, including poor ones. Rarely cultivated, it is a species worthy of more attention. It performs beautifully in garden settings, where its relatively small size can be an advantage over other members of the genus. It typically blooms from early to mid-summer, though deadheading will extend its blooming period, as well as limit unwanted spread. Divide clumps every 2 to 3 years, to avoid overcrowding and improve flower production. Both cold hardy and heat tolerant. Zones 3-8


May be propagated from seed, but seedlings are slow to reach maturity. Stored seeds will require a 12 week period of cold stratification prior to sowing. Clumps can be divided in fall when the plant begins to go dormant and the leaves start turning brown. Echinaceas produce taproots, so be prepared to dig deep holes when transplanting or dividing.

Additional Notes

Echinacea angustifolia is underutilized, yet worthy of commercialization. Echinacea was one of the medicinal plants most widely used by native American tribes, and is a popular herbal remedy to this day. The list of its reported uses is too long to fit in this space. Let's just say it is a panacea for just about all that might ail you!

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:


Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae Aster family
Genus Echinacea purple coneflower
Species Echinacea angustifolia blacksamson echinacea