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Echinacea purpurea

eastern purple coneflower add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: neutral, rich, average, poor, clay, sand, gravel/rock

Height: 2'-5'

Bloom Time: May, June, July, August, September

Bloom Color: purple, pink

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts birds, attracts butterflies, clumping, colonizing, cottage garden plant, cut flowers, deer resistant, medicinal, naturalizing, rock garden plant

Echinacea purpurea (eastern purple coneflower)
  • Echinacea purpurea (eastern purple coneflower)
  • Echinacea purpurea (eastern purple coneflower)
  • Echinacea purpurea (eastern purple coneflower)
  • Echinacea purpurea (eastern purple coneflower)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Echinacea purpurea

Also known as:

eastern purple coneflower

,

purple coneflower

Scientific Synonyms:

Echinacea purpurea var. arkansana, Brauneria purpurea, Rudbeckia purpurea

Description

No perennial garden can be complete without this classic! The rigid, stems of Echinacea purpurea are terminally branched into 8" to 12" long flowering stalks, and can grow to a height of 5'. They are green, often spotted with reddish-brown streaks, and sparsely covered in fine white hairs. The stalks are terminated by a single, large, purple daisy-like flower that can measure 4" across. The spiky, conical central disk inspired the genus name 'Echinacea', which is derive from the Greek word 'echino', which translates as 'hedgehog'. The leaves are ovate, tapering to a point, with widely-spaced teeth. They are up to 6" at the base of the plant, gradually decreasing in size towards the top of the stem. The seeds resemble small, dark-brown sunflower seeds.

Cultivation

Eastern purple coneflower is very easy to grow in average garden conditions. It prefers moist, well drained soil and full sun. Though not really drought tolerant, it can withstand dry spells if grown in part-sun. The plants have short, robust rhizomes that will slowly spread to form dense colonies. The bloom period is in mid-summer, but can begin as early as mid-spring - in its southern range - and lasts well over a month. It will often have a secondary bloom period in early fall. Deadheading is not necessary for plants to rebloom, but it can help maintain a tidy appearance (to the detriment of goldfinches that enjoy the seeds). Zones 4-8

Propagation

Echinacea purpurea can be easily propagated by crown division in fall, once the plant has gone dormant. It can also be propagated from seeds, with no pretreatment necessary. Seedlings will not reach flowering maturity until their second growing season.

Additional Notes

This species is attractive to bees, bumblebees, butterflies including Monarchs, and a variety of birds. It can also be considered deer resistant. The dried flowers of Echinacea purpurea can be used in herbal teas. It is believed to have broad medicinal qualities, and is often considered a panacea for everything that might ail you.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CO, CT, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: FL

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae Aster family
Genus Echinacea purple coneflower
Species Echinacea purpurea eastern purple coneflower