Plant types and subtypes: Perennials
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: dry, moist
Soil Description: neutral, rich, average, poor, clay, sand, gravel/rock
Bloom Time: May, June, July, August, September
Bloom Color: purple, pink
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts birds, attracts butterflies, clumping, colonizing, cottage garden plant, cut flowers, deer resistant, medicinal, naturalizing, rock garden plant
Pricing & Availability
Echinacea purpureaAlso known as:
eastern purple coneflower,
Echinacea purpurea var. arkansana, Brauneria purpurea, Rudbeckia purpurea
No perennial garden can be complete without this classic! The rigid, stems of Echinacea purpurea are terminally branched into 8" to 12" long flowering stalks, and can grow to a height of 5'. They are green, often spotted with reddish-brown streaks, and sparsely covered in fine white hairs. The stalks are terminated by a single, large, purple daisy-like flower that can measure 4" across. The spiky, conical central disk inspired the genus name 'Echinacea', which is derive from the Greek word 'echino', which translates as 'hedgehog'. The leaves are ovate, tapering to a point, with widely-spaced teeth. They are up to 6" at the base of the plant, gradually decreasing in size towards the top of the stem. The seeds resemble small, dark-brown sunflower seeds.
Eastern purple coneflower is very easy to grow in average garden conditions. It prefers moist, well drained soil and full sun. Though not really drought tolerant, it can withstand dry spells if grown in part-sun. The plants have short, robust rhizomes that will slowly spread to form dense colonies. The bloom period is in mid-summer, but can begin as early as mid-spring - in its southern range - and lasts well over a month. It will often have a secondary bloom period in early fall. Deadheading is not necessary for plants to rebloom, but it can help maintain a tidy appearance (to the detriment of goldfinches that enjoy the seeds). Zones 4-8
Echinacea purpurea can be easily propagated by crown division in fall, once the plant has gone dormant. It can also be propagated from seeds, with no pretreatment necessary. Seedlings will not reach flowering maturity until their second growing season.
This species is attractive to bees, bumblebees, butterflies including Monarchs, and a variety of birds. It can also be considered deer resistant. The dried flowers of Echinacea purpurea can be used in herbal teas. It is believed to have broad medicinal qualities, and is often considered a panacea for everything that might ail you.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CO, CT, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Endangered: FL
|Species||Echinacea purpurea||eastern purple coneflower|