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Echinacea tennesseensis

Tennessee purple coneflower add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: average, poor, clay, sand, gravel/rock

Height: 18"-30"

Bloom Time: June, July, August

Bloom Color: purple

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, cottage garden plant, deer resistant, drought tolerant, naturalizing, rare, rock garden plant

Echinacea tennesseensis (Tennessee purple coneflower)
  • Echinacea tennesseensis (Tennessee purple coneflower)
  • Echinacea tennesseensis (Tennessee purple coneflower)
  • Echinacea tennesseensis (Tennessee purple coneflower)
  • Echinacea tennesseensis (Tennessee purple coneflower)

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Echinacea tennesseensis

Also known as:

Tennessee purple coneflower


Scientific Synonyms:

Echinacea angustifolia var. tennesseensis


Echinacea tennesseensis is one of the rarest wildflowers in the US, yet surprisingly easy to grow. It is a sturdy plant with a compact form that seldom grows taller than 2 1/2 feet. The flowers have yellowish central cone that turns coppery-bronze with maturity, surrounded by light-purple rays that have the particularity of not drooping like those of other coneflowers. Both the stems and lance-shaped leaves are roughly pubescent.


Tennessee purple coneflower is trouble-free, and low maintenance. It is tolerant of a wide variety of soil, including poor and rocky ones. It will perform remarkably in typical garden conditions, with moist, well-drained soil, in full sun to part shade. Its compact form and low height make it an excellent choice for the front of a perennial border. Very effective planted in large groups, it can also be used in naturalized areas mixed in with other low-growing wildflowers. The blooming period is very long, extending from early to late summer. Zones 6-7


Best propagated from seed.

Additional Notes

According to the Center for Plant Conservation: "The Tennessee coneflower is one of the nation's rarest wildflowers (Clark 2000). Known only from five populations within a 14 mile radius in Middle Tennessee, it was the second plant listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in June 1979 (USFWS 1989). First listed in the Flora of Tennessee in 1906, the plant was thought to be extinct for half a century until it was rediscovered in 1968 in LaVergne (near Nashville) (USFWS 1989). This site was destroyed by the construction of a trailer park in the 1970's. Two other colonies, discovered in 1972, were destroyed prior to 1975 by housing developments (Shea 1997).".

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: TN


Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae Aster family
Genus Echinacea purple coneflower
Species Echinacea tennesseensis Tennessee purple coneflower