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Erythronium albidum

white fawnlily add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ephemerals, Bulbs

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, average, loam

Height: 6"-12"

Bloom Time: March, April

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green, purple, multi-color

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: colonizing, ephemeral, ornamental foliage, rock garden plant, shade garden plant, woodland plant

Flowers of Erythronium albidum (adder's tongue)
  • Flowers of Erythronium albidum (adder's tongue)
  • Flowers of Erythronium albidum (adder's tongue)
  • Flowers of Erythronium albidum (adder's tongue)
  • Flowers of Erythronium albidum (adder's tongue)

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Description

Erythronium albidum

Also known as:

white fawnlily

,

dogtooth violet

,

adder's tongue

,

white troutlily

,

white trout lily

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Erythronium albidum is a low growing plant with two tulip-like, green and purple mottled leaves, the appearance of which led to the common name trout lily. Elegant, 2" long, whitish flowers with yellow centers, rise above the groundcover-forming foliage, on delicate bare stems. It is similar to the Erythronium americanum, which is smaller, has yellow flowers and is more common.

Cultivation

Under ideal conditions, white fawnlily will slowly colonize without becoming invasive. It prefers moist, rich deep soils that will allow it to spread by stolons. It likes an acidic to neutral environment but is tolerant of some lime. It is native to deciduous forests and blooms in spring before the new canopy becomes dense. Foliage will die back in summer as the plant enters its dormancy stage. Bloom times can vary from February to April. Zones 4-8

Propagation

Plants are best left undisturbed until they become over crowded. Easy to propagate by separating corms from mature plants in late summer or fall when dormant. Can be propagated from seed, but new plants can take up to 5 years to produce flowers.

Additional Notes

The common name dogtooth violet is a reference to the appearance of the corms which resemble dog teeth. However, this is not a violet but rather a lily. Deer may find the leaves of this plant to be an irresistible early spring treat.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, DC, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NE, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SD, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Threatened: MD

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae Lily family
Genus Erythronium fawnlily
Species Erythronium albidum white fawnlily