Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ephemerals, Bulbs
Light Requirements: part-shade, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: moist
Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, average, loam, clay
Bloom Time: March, April
Bloom Color: yellow
Leaf Color: green, purple, multi-color
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: colonizing, ephemeral, ornamental foliage, rock garden plant, shade garden plant, woodland plant
Pricing & Availability
Erythronium americanumAlso known as:
eastern trout lily,
yellow trout lily
Erythronium americanum is a low growing plant with two tulip-like, green and purple mottled leaves, the appearance of which led to the common name trout lily. Elegant, 1" long, yellow flowers rise above the groundcover-forming foliage on delicate bare stems. It is more common, and similar to the Erythronium albidum which is larger and has white flowers.
Under ideal conditions, the dogtooth violet will slowly colonize without becoming invasive. It prefers moist, rich deep soils that will allow it to spread by underground stolons. It is native to deciduous forests and blooms in spring before the new canopy becomes dense. Foliage will die back in summer as the plant enters its dormancy stage. Bloom times can vary from February to April. Zones 4-8
Plants are best left undisturbed until they become over crowded. Easy to propagate by separating corms from mature plants in late summer or fall when dormant. Can be propagated from seed, but new plants can take up to 5 years to produce flowers.
The common name dogtooth violet is a reference to the appearance of the corms which resemble dog teeth. However, this is not a violet but rather a lily. Deer may find the leaves of this plant to be an irresistible early spring treat.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Threatened: IA
|Species||Erythronium americanum||dogtooth violet|