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Fragaria virginiana

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Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ground Covers

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade

Water Use: low, medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, average, loam, clay, sand

Height: 3"-6"

Bloom Time: April, May, June

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, berries, colonizing, creeping, edible, naturalizing, rock garden plant, showy fruit

Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)
  • Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)
  • Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)
  • Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)
  • Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Fragaria virginiana

Also known as:

wild strawberry

,

Virginia strawberry

,

thickleaved wild strawberry

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

What can I say... this species pretty much looks like a smaller version of the commercial strawberry! The red fruit are about 1/2" long, roundish, juicy, and tastier than any cultivated strawberry available.

Cultivation

Fragaria virginiana can be found in fields, meadows and dry openings.It adapts to a variety of soil types but prefers slightly acidic, humus-rich soil in full sun. Fruit production is more abundant in cooler areas and/or higher altitudes. This species spreads by runners and can be used as a ground cover.. The younger plants will bear more fruit, so it is recommended to replant patches every 3 to 4 years. Under very dry conditions, the plants will go dormant during the summer, but will reemerge in fall when the weather cools off. Plants may bloom from-mid spring to through early summer: April through June. Zones 2-8

Propagation

Very easy to propagate! Divide plants or separate runners.

Additional Notes

This species produces the tastiest and juiciest of the wild strawberries and is one of the species used to create commercial hybrids. According to the USDA NRCS: "The Winnebago and Blackfoot made a tea with an infusion of the young leaves of this plant.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rosales
Family Rosaceae Rose family
Genus Fragaria strawberry
Species Fragaria virginiana wild strawberry