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Gaultheria procumbens

eastern teaberry add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Ground Covers, Shrubs, Subshrubs, Evergreens

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: low, medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: acid, rich, average, poor

Height: 3"-6"

Bloom Time: June, July, August

Bloom Color: white, pink

Leaf Color: green, bronze

Hardiness Zone: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Additional Tags: attracts birds, berries, edible, evergreen, fall interest, fragrant plant, shade garden plant

Fruit of Gaultheria procumbens (eastern teaberry)
  • Fruit of Gaultheria procumbens (eastern teaberry)
  • Fruit of Gaultheria procumbens (eastern teaberry)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Gaultheria procumbens

Also known as:

eastern teaberry

,

wintergreen

,

teaberry

,

checkerberry

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Gaultheria procumbens is a low growing, woody groundcover. Underground stems produce branches that may only reach 6" in height. The leathery, oval, dark green leaves are evergreen and particularly attractive in winter when they turn reddish-bronze. It produces small, bell-shaped, white flowers with pinkish hues.These are reminiscent of lily of the valley. Flowers give way to attractive, red berries in fall.

Cultivation

Eastern teaberry will grow in a variety of soils and is quite tolerant of dry conditions. It does well in full shade although a certain amount of filtered light will ensure better winter foliage color. A summer bloomer: July-August. Zones 3-7

Propagation

Propagate by taking cuttings of young runners in early summer before they harden into the plant's underground stems. May also be propagated from fresh seeds. If seeds are collected, they should be moist, cold stratified before sowing.

Additional Notes

Also known as wintergreen this is indeed the plant from which an extract has been used to flavor teas, candies, chewing gum, toothpaste and medicine. All parts of the plant are fragrant. A variety of wildlife will use this plant as a source for food during difficult winter months.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, CT, DC, DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: IL

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Ericales
Family Ericaceae Heath family
Genus Gaultheria snowberry
Species Gaultheria procumbens eastern teaberry