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Gelsemium sempervirens

evening trumpetflower add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes:

Light Requirements: sun, part-sun

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: rich, loam, sand

Bloom Time: March, April, May, June

Bloom Color: yellow

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts butterflies, attracts hummingbirds, climbing, deer resistant, evergreen, fragrant flowers, ornamental foliage, poisonous

Gelsemium sempervirens (evening trumpetflower)
  • Gelsemium sempervirens (evening trumpetflower)
  • Gelsemium sempervirens (evening trumpetflower)
  • Gelsemium sempervirens (evening trumpetflower)
  • Gelsemium sempervirens (evening trumpetflower)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Gelsemium sempervirens

Also known as:

evening trumpetflower

,

Carolina jasmine

,

Carolina jessamine

,

Carolina yellow jessamine

,

yellow jessamine

Scientific Synonyms:

Bignonia sempervirens

Description

Gelsemium sempervirens is a twining vine that can reach a height of 20' with support. It produces an abundances of very showy, waxy, yellow trumpet-shaped flowers that are about 1.5" long. These will appear either singly, or in tight clusters, and are very fragrant with a vanilla-like aroma reminiscent of jasmine. The leaves are glossy, opposite, lanceolate and up to 3" long, and can develop bronzish or purplish hues during winter. They are evergreen in the warmer parts of its range, semi-evergreen or deciduous in its colder limits.

Cultivation

Evening trumpetflower is easy to grow and low maintenance. It is adaptable to a range of moist, well-drained soils. Mature pants can withstand occasional flooding, as well as short periods of drought. Flower performance is best with more sun. The blooming period will vary from early spring to early summer, depending on on its location, with an occasional secondary bloom in fall. Flowers are borne on the previous year's growth, so any pruning should be performed shortly after the blooming period has ended. This is not a very cold hardy species, but it can be grown reliably in zone 6 if planted with a southern exposure, protected from cold winter winds.

Propagation

Propagate from seed, or terminal cuttings.

Additional Notes

All parts of the plant are toxic, affording it excellent protection from deer and other herbivores.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX, VA

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Special Concern: TN

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Gentianales
Family Loganiaceae Logania family
Genus Gelsemium trumpetflower
Species Gelsemium sempervirens evening trumpetflower