Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ground Covers
Light Requirements: part-shade, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: moist
Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, loam, clay
Bloom Time: April, May
Bloom Color: white
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7
Additional Tags: berries, colonizing, medicinal, ornamental foliage, poisonous, shade garden plant, showy fruit
Pricing & Availability
Hydrastis canadensisAlso known as:
Goldenseal has attractive, shiny, green, wrinkled, maple-like leaves growing up to a foot tall. Its single, small, whitish flower lacks petals and is rather unremarkable. It gives way to an attractive cluster of scarlet berries in fall.
Hydrastis canadensis makes an attractive groundcover for a moist shaded garden where it will spread by means of rhizomes. It does best in rich soil and will benefit from a winter covering of deciduous leaves. Blooms in April or May. Zones 4-7
Propagate by division or root cutting when the plant is dormant in late fall or early spring. Cold stratify the seeds if they are collected rather than immediately sowed outdoors. Remove the pulp from the seeds before storing.
Goldenseal gets its common name from the yellow color of its roots. The rhizomes have been used for a variety of medicinal purposes including tonics, diuretics, insect repellents and also used to produce yellow dye. It has been one of the most over collected native plants and has become rare in most of its natural range. All parts of the plant should be considered poisonous in large quantities.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Endangered: CT, GA, MA, MN, NC, NJ, VT
- Special Concern: NC, TN
- Threatened: MD, MI, NY
- Vulnerable: PA