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Hydrastis canadensis

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Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ground Covers

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: acid, neutral, rich, loam, clay

Height: 6"-12"

Bloom Time: April, May

Bloom Color: white

Leaf Color: green

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7

Additional Tags: berries, colonizing, medicinal, ornamental foliage, poisonous, shade garden plant, showy fruit

Hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal)
  • Hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal)
  • Hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal)
  • Hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal)
  • Berries of Hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Hydrastis canadensis

Also known as:

goldenseal

,

golden-seal

,

orangeroot

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Hydrastis canadensis has attractive, shiny, deeply lobed and conspicuously veined leaves. They can be up to 8" across, on plants that are about 12" tall. Its single, delicate, whitish flower is showcased in the center of the foliage. The flowers give way to an attractive cluster of scarlet berries in fall.

Cultivation

Goldenseal makes an attractive ground cover for a moist shaded garden where it will spread by means of rhizomes. It does best in rich soil and will benefit from a winter covering of deciduous leaves. Blooms in April or May. Zones 4-7

Propagation

Propagate by division or root cutting when the plant is dormant in late fall or early spring. Cold stratify the seeds if they are collected rather than immediately sowed outdoors. Remove the pulp from the seeds before storing.

Additional Notes

Goldenseal gets its common name from the yellow color of its roots. The rhizomes have been used for a variety of medicinal purposes including tonics, diuretics, insect repellents and also used to produce yellow dye. It has been one of the most over collected native plants and has become rare in most of its natural range. All parts of the plant should be considered poisonous in large quantities.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, CT, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: CT, GA, MA, MN, NC, NJ, VT
  • Special Concern: NC, TN
  • Threatened: MD, MI, NY
  • Vulnerable: PA

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Ranunculaceae Buttercup family
Genus Hydrastis hydrastis
Species Hydrastis canadensis goldenseal