Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ground Covers
Light Requirements: part-shade, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: moist
Soil Description: rich, loam
Bloom Time: May, June, July
Bloom Color: white, purple, lavender
Leaf Color: green, silver, multi-color
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7
Additional Tags: clumping, colonizing, naturalizing, ornamental foliage, shade garden plant, stream margin plant, woodland plant
Pricing & Availability
Hydrophyllum canadenseAlso known as:
Hydrophyllum canadense is a low-growing, broad-leaved woodland perennial. Early foliage is dark green mottled with silver, deeply lobed and very ornamental. As the growing season progresses, the leaves become solid green maple-like, supported by bare stems that will lift them up to 20" off the ground. White to purple, delicate bell-shaped flower clusters appear after the foliage has fully developed, atop slender stalks of similar height.
Occurring in deciduous woods and at the margins of floodplains, Hydrophyllum canadense is adapted to rich soil that can be dryish or mesic, moist, or subject to seasonal inundation. It spreads by rhizomes, less so from seed, and can form beautiful woodland groundcovers and colonies. Blooms in early to mid-summer, depending on geographic location, from May to July. Zones 4-7
Best propagated by division in early spring.
Hydrophyllum canadense is sometimes confused with Hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal) which occurs in a similar range, but the latter has coarse, leathery leaves, and distinctly yellow to orange roots.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, MI, MO, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Endangered: MA, NJ
- Threatened: VT
|Species||Hydrophyllum canadense||bluntleaf waterleaf|