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Hydrophyllum canadense

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Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Ground Covers

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: moist

Soil Description: rich, loam

Height: 6"-20"

Bloom Time: May, June, July

Bloom Color: white, purple, lavender

Leaf Color: green, silver, multi-color

Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7

Additional Tags: clumping, colonizing, naturalizing, ornamental foliage, shade garden plant, stream margin plant, woodland plant

Hydrophyllum canadense (bluntleaf waterleaf)
  • Hydrophyllum canadense (bluntleaf waterleaf)
  • Hydrophyllum canadense (bluntleaf waterleaf)
  • Hydrophyllum canadense (bluntleaf waterleaf)

Pricing & Availability

Description

Hydrophyllum canadense

Also known as:

bluntleaf waterleaf

,

broad waterleaf

,

broad-leaf waterleaf

,

broad-leaved waterleaf

,

maple-leaved waterleaf

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Hydrophyllum canadense is a low-growing, broad-leaved woodland perennial. Early foliage is dark green mottled with silver, deeply lobed and very ornamental. As the growing season progresses, the leaves become solid green maple-like, supported by bare stems that will lift them up to 20" off the ground. White to purple, delicate bell-shaped flower clusters appear after the foliage has fully developed, atop slender stalks of similar height.

Cultivation

Occurring in deciduous woods and at the margins of floodplains, Hydrophyllum canadense is adapted to rich soil that can be dryish or mesic, moist, or subject to seasonal inundation. It spreads by rhizomes, less so from seed, and can form beautiful woodland groundcovers and colonies. Blooms in early to mid-summer, depending on geographic location, from May to July. Zones 4-7

Propagation

Best propagated by division in early spring.

Additional Notes

Hydrophyllum canadense is sometimes confused with Hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal) which occurs in a similar range, but the latter has coarse, leathery leaves, and distinctly yellow to orange roots.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, MI, MO, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: MA, NJ
  • Threatened: VT

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Solanales
Family Hydrophyllaceae Waterleaf family
Genus Hydrophyllum waterleaf
Species Hydrophyllum canadense bluntleaf waterleaf