Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Bulbs
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun
Water Use: high
Soil Moisture: moist, wet
Soil Description: acid, rich, loam, clay, sand
Bloom Time: May, June, July, August, September
Bloom Color: white
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: bog plant, clumping, emergent, fragrant flowers, ornamental foliage, pond margin plant, rare, stream margin plant, swamp plant, water garden plant, wetland plant
Pricing & Availability
Hymenocallis carolinianaAlso known as:
Hymenocallis coronaria, Hymenocallis georgiana, Hymenocallis occidentalis, Hymenocallis palusvirensis, Pancratium carolinianum
Hymenocallis caroliniana is a clump forming, medium height plant with flowering stems growing up to 2' tall. The green, blade-like foliage is typical of most lilies, but is somewhat more succulent than most. Each stem will produce a cluster of white, fragrant flowers. They are trumpet-shaped (resembling morning glories), with long, forward facing spurs giving them a spidery appearance, hence the common name "spider lily".
Carolina spiderlily is an emergent bulb, meaning it can withstand regular periods fully submerged. It can be grown in more typical garden environments so long as the soil is never allowed to dry out. Locations in full to part-sun are best. It is slow to spread vegetatively, and even slower by seed. It is ideal for use around a small pond or water garden, where its non aggressive nature will allow it to be mixed with other emergent species. The foliage will die back after flowering, by early fall. Bloom times will vary depending on geographic location, from May to September. Zones 6-8
It is best to propagate by clump division, and separation of bulbs from mature plants. Can be propagated from seed, but germination rates are low, and new plants can take over 3 years to produce flowers flowers.
This species provides quite a show when naturalized, but should be considered rare and should never be collected in the wild.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MO, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX
USDA Endangered Status:
- Endangered: GA
|Species||Hymenocallis caroliniana||Carolina spiderlily|