Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Trees, Shrub-like Trees, Evergreens
Light Requirements: part-sun, part-shade
Water Use: high
Soil Moisture: moist, wet
Soil Description: acid, average, poor, loam, sand
Bloom Time: March, April, May
Bloom Color: white
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 7, 8, 9
Additional Tags: attracts bees, attracts birds, berries, bog plant, evergreen, fall interest, pond margin plant, shade garden plant, showy fruit, stream margin plant, wetland plant
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Ilex coriaceaAlso known as:
This evergreen shrub can grow to tree-size: up to 20 feet. The bark of Ilex coriacea is smooth with small projections.The open crown is made up of slender twigs with oval, dark-green, leathery leaves. Inconspicuous white flowers are followed by shiny, black fruit in late summer or fall. This species is a good understory plant.
Native to the southeastern coastline of the U.S., from Virginia down to Texas. Large gallberry prefers moist to wet, but not water-logged, acidic soil in filtered light. It will tolerate full sun if kept consistently moist. It is most suitable for sandy woods, stream banks and open bogs. Both male and female plants are needed to produce berries. Blooms March - May. Zones 7-9
Propagate from semi-hardwood cuttings taken from mature plants. May be propagate by seed. This is best done with fresh seeds that have been stripped of their pulp. Germination is slow and can take up to 18 months.
Large gallberry is an important nectar source for southern beekeepers.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, FL, GA, LA, MS, SC, TX, VA
|Species||Ilex coriacea||large gallberry|