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Iris verna

dwarf violet iris add to wishlist

Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Bulbs

Light Requirements: part-shade, shade

Water Use: medium

Soil Moisture: dry, moist

Soil Description: acid, rich, loam

Height: 4"-6"

Bloom Time: April, May

Bloom Color: violet, blue

Leaf Color: green, gray-green

Hardiness Zone: 6, 7, 8

Additional Tags: clumping, colonizing, fragrant flowers, rock garden plant, shade garden plant, woodland plant

Iris verna

Pricing & Availability

Description

Iris verna

Also known as:

dwarf violet iris

,

dwarf iris

,

vernal iris

Scientific Synonyms:

Description

Iris verna is the smallest of the native irises, rarely exceeding a height of 6" when in bloom. The intensely fragrant flowers appear in early spring, and are in vibrant blue to purple hues, with an intense orange-yellow band at their base. The flowers emerge before the the slender gray-green foliage.

Cultivation

Iris verna is native to shady pine forests of the eastern US and mid-Atlantic states. It prefers rich, acidic, moist to dry well-drained soil in full to part-shade. It slowly forms colonies by means of rhizomes. It is an exceptional choice for a woodland or shaded rock garden. Blooms in April and May. Zones 6-8

Propagation

Propagate by division in late spring after flowering.

Additional Notes

Iris verna closely resembles both Iris verna var. smalliana and Iris verna var. verna, but has a broader native range than either.

Native Range & Classification

Recorded County Distribution: USDA data

Native Range:
AL, AR, DC, FL, GA, KY, MD, MO, MS, NC, NY, OH, PA, SC, TN, VA, WV

USDA Endangered Status:

  • Endangered: MD, PA
  • Threatened: OH

Classification

Kingdom Plantae Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Iridaceae Iris family
Genus Iris iris
Species Iris verna dwarf violet iris