Plant types and subtypes: Perennials, Bulbs
Light Requirements: part-shade, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: dry, moist
Soil Description: acid, rich, loam
Bloom Time: April, May
Bloom Color: violet, blue
Leaf Color: green, gray-green
Hardiness Zone: 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: clumping, colonizing, fragrant flowers, rock garden plant, shade garden plant, woodland plant
Pricing & Availability
Iris vernaAlso known as:
dwarf violet iris,
Iris verna is the smallest of the native irises, rarely exceeding a height of 6" when in bloom. The intensely fragrant flowers appear in early spring, and are in vibrant blue to purple hues, with an intense orange-yellow band at their base. The flowers emerge before the the slender gray-green foliage.
Iris verna is native to shady pine forests of the eastern US and mid-Atlantic states. It prefers rich, acidic, moist to dry well-drained soil in full to part-shade. It slowly forms colonies by means of rhizomes. It is an exceptional choice for a woodland or shaded rock garden. Blooms in April and May. Zones 6-8
Propagate by division in late spring after flowering.
Iris verna closely resembles both Iris verna var. smalliana and Iris verna var. verna, but has a broader native range than either.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, DC, FL, GA, KY, MD, MO, MS, NC, NY, OH, PA, SC, TN, VA, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Endangered: MD, PA
- Threatened: OH
|Species||Iris verna||dwarf violet iris|