Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Deciduous
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: dry, moist, wet
Soil Description: rich, average, loam, sand
Bloom Time: March, April
Bloom Color: yellow
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Additional Tags: attracts birds, attracts butterflies, berries, edible, fall interest, fragrant flowers, fragrant plant, hedging plant, medicinal, naturalizing, pond margin plant, shade garden plant, showy fruit, stream margin plant, woodland plant
Pricing & Availability
Lindera benzoinAlso known as:
Northern spicebush is an attractive, deciduous member of the Laurel family. It has a compact, rounded form and seldom grows taller than 12 feet. In early spring, before the emergence of foliage, the bare stems produce clusters of small, yellow fragrant flowers. In summer, the shrub will produce attractive, glossy, red, fragrant berries that become a food source for a variety of birds. The thick, green leaves are aromatic when crushed and turn attractive shades of yellow in fall.
An understory shrub, Lindera benzoin is typically found in lowlands, in rich soil that is consistently moist. It will however tolerate wet or dry soil. A sunny placement will produce a denser, more compact form, as well as better blooms and fall color. It reproduces by root suckers forming dense colonies. It may be used as a hedging plant. Blooms early spring: March, April. Zones 5-9
Propagate by digging up root suckers in early spring or late fall when the plant is dormant. Dried seed lose viability. Freshly collected seeds should be stripped of pulp and sown immediately.
All parts of the plant are aromatic. The dried fruit may be used for pot-pourri or powdered to use a a spice. The leaves and twigs may be brewed as a tea. It has been used to produce anti-arthritic and emetic drugs. Northern spice bush has been dubbed "forsythia of the wilds" because of their similarity in bloom habit.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, TN, VA, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Special Concern: ME
|Species||Lindera benzoin||northern spicebush|