Plant types and subtypes: Perennials
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: moist, wet
Soil Description: acid, neutral, alkaline, rich, loam, clay, sand
Bloom Time: July, August, September
Bloom Color: red
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Additional Tags: attracts butterflies, attracts hummingbirds, clumping, deer resistant, fall interest, medicinal, ornamental foliage, poisonous, pond margin plant, stream margin plant
Pricing & Availability
Lobelia cardinalisAlso known as:
This Lobelia owes its name to the resemblance of its flowers to the bright red robes worn by cardinals. This plant is not only striking for its spikes of tubular flowers, but also for its dark green, fine toothed, lance shaped leaves which turn to bronze in fall.
Easy to grow in a variety of soils, care should be taken to keep the roots moist. Placement in part-shade is recommended where summers are hot and dry. Great around water features, Lobelia cardinalis is a showy addition to perennial gardens and woodland borders. A mid to late-summer bloomer, with flowers that persist for about 1 1/2 months. Zones 4-8
Propagate from seed or by clump division in spring. It is also easily propagated by layering, or by simply bending and securing a stalk to the soil.
Lobelia cardinalis is attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds. It is moderately deer resistant. Its traditional medicinal uses have included treatments for stomach aches, worms, colds, fevers, nosebleeds, headaches and rheumatism. Roots are also said to have aphrodisiac qualities. All parts may be toxic if ingested in large quantities.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WI, WV
USDA Endangered Status:
- Exploitably Vulnerable: NY
- Salvage Restricted: AZ
- Threatened: FL
|Species||Lobelia cardinalis||cardinal flower|