Plant types and subtypes: Trees & Shrubs, Shrubs, Evergreens
Light Requirements: sun, part-sun, part-shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: dry, moist, wet
Soil Description: acid, rich, average, loam, sand
Bloom Time: March, April, May
Bloom Color: white, pink
Leaf Color: green
Hardiness Zone: 7, 8, 9, 10
Additional Tags: bog plant, evergreen, fall interest, fragrant flowers, hedging plant, naturalizing, pond margin plant, stream margin plant, swamp plant
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Lyonia lucidaAlso known as:
Desmothamnus lucidus, Neopieris nitida
Lyonia lucida is an evergreen, medium-sized shrub with graceful, arching stems. It is usually 3' to 6' tall, occasionally reaching 12' under ideal conditions. In early spring, fetterbush will bear clusters of whitish to deep pink flowers on the previous year's stem axils. These flowers are reminiscent of lily-of-the-valley, urn or bell-shaped, sweetly fragrant and long lasting. The leaves are smooth and leathery. They resemble those of privet but their arrangement is alternate or asymmetrical.
A naturalizing, understory shrub, fetterbush lyonia is typically found in the southeastern lowlands and coastal plains, from Virginia to Louisiana. It thrives in boggy, swampy environments, yet once established, plants require little care and can even withstand dry locations. Acid soil is best. Sunnier locations will produce a more compact form. Lyonia lucida offers the benefit of an extended bloom time lasting several weeks, anytime between early March through May, depending on geographic location. Zones 7-10
May be propagated from seed or stem cuttings in spring. Also propagate from root cuttings or division of mature plants.
In the right location, Lyonia lucida will be maintenance free and naturalize. It takes well to being cut back and can be used as a hedge plant.
Native Range & Classification
Recorded County Distribution: USDA data
AL, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, VA
|Species||Lyonia lucida||fetterbush lyonia|